2017-04-04

Kishibojin Kishimojin

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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Kishibojin, Kishimojin 鬼子母神と伝説 Legends about the deity Kishibojin
訶梨帝母 Kariteimo - Kangimo 歓喜母 - the Mother of Child-Eating Demons


She is one of the Jūrasetsu-nyo 十羅刹女 Jurasetsu-Nyo, Ten Demon Daughters
rasetsu 羅刹 female demons from India
Kishibojin is the Japanese version of the Indian deity Hariti.

Kishibojin was a demon and used to eat children, before she was converted by Shakyamuni Buddha. Now she is the protector of children.


by 小妻要

. Kishibojin 鬼子母神 .
- Introduction -
Kijibojin mairi 鬼子母神参 pilgrimage to visit Kishibojin at temple 三井寺 Miidera
Kishibojin matsuri 鬼子母神祭 Kishibojin Festival


. kishi, oniko, oni-ko 鬼子 / 鬼コ demon (from Tsugaru) .



at temple 法華寺 Homyo-Ji, Tokyo

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

.......................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 ......................................
知多郡 Chita district

おじゅらつさま / 十羅刹女即 O-Juratsu sama, 幸魂千足姫命 Sachimitama Chitarihi no Mikoto
The name of Juratsu-Nyo has been changed in the Meiji period in 1873 to Sachimitama Chitarihi no Mikoto
She had 1000 children herself and still used to eat those of the humans.

Once upon a time in 乙方村 Okkata village there were many children dying within two years. So the villagers decided to built a place to pray to O-Juratsu Sama (Kishibojin) to protect their children. The villagers prayed that 1000 children would be born in the following year in their vllage. Each family made dumplings until they had 1000 and the whole village prayed for seven days and nights.
And oh wonder, children were now born in the village, all healthy and strong.


.......................................................................... Akita 秋田県 ......................................

gomiso ゴミソ kamisama カミサマ

荒川つよ Arakawa Tsuyo married into a family with 4 children, and later had 7 children with her new husband.
Kishibojin appeared in her dream and told her what to do.
She accepted her position as kamisama カミサマ "wife" and lived for 30 years. She could beat a drum and call on the deity and tell the future by the flame of a wax candle.


.......................................................................... Chiba 千葉県 ......................................
夷隅郡 Isumi district

kitsune 狐 fox
There was a horse carriage driver who was skilled to roast a fox in an earthen pot.
There were many foxes causing troulbe in the village. So Kishibojin came to 狐退治し help drive out the foxes.


.......................................................................... Gunma 群馬県 ......................................
吾妻郡 Agatsuma district 中之条町 Nakanojo

On the 16th day of the first and 8th month, people prepare senbiki-gayu 千匹ガユ "rice porridge for 1000 animals" and make special offerings of rice, barley and sweets. They do this with prayers to Kishimojin to protect their children.
Kishibojin had 1000 children herself and had eaten 999 human children in her demon times . . . so people now make offerings at the crossroads for her.



.......................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 ......................................
仙台市 Sendai 青葉区 Aoba ward



Ottsu matsuri オッツ祭 - 唖 Oshi
On the 15th day of the 8th lunar month, people celebrate the Ottsu festival at the 鬼子母神堂 Kishiboji Hall.
Ottsu is the local dialect for oshi 唖, people who can not talk.
Since Kishibojin had been stealing human children in her demon times, she is also called 盗人神 "thief Deity".

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栗原市 Kurihara

The 菅原家 Sugiwara family does not only celebrate their own ujigami 氏神 family deity but also Kishibojin.
Since they started this, their children never had accidents or wounds and grew up healthy.

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都城市 Miyakonojo

Kishibojin is venerated as Ubugami-sama 産神様, the deity of birth.


.......................................................................... Gunma 群馬県 ......................................

On 小正月 the 15th day of the first lunar month people have special rituals to pray for a long life.
The elder folk wrap their chopsticks in straw ropes and offer them to Kishibojin by hanging them outside on the eaves of the house.


.......................................................................... Okayama 岡山県 ......................................

. madoo 魔道 - まどう Mado, road where monsters pass .
ma no toorimichi 魔の通り道 / mamono no toorimichi 魔物の通り道
masuji, ma-suji 魔筋

Tengu no tooorimichi 天狗の通り道 / テングノトオリミチ road where Tengu pass

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北房町 Hokubo

kishiojin キシオジン / キシオヂン / きしおじん Kishio-Jin, Kishibojin
Once on the day of 庚申 Koshin the child of a certain family did not come home at night. Three days (months) later they found some of her cloths and some hair at an old temple near 古坊 Furubo. They showed them to カンパラ(祈祷師), a diviner at Soja. He found that キシオジン Kishiojin (the name of the deity in the local dialect) had taken her away.
The house of her family was built along a road where the Tengu pass.
(Other sources say a キシオジンの通り筋 road where Kishiojin passes.)
Also called Kishiojin-suji キシオジン筋.


.......................................................................... Tokyo 東京都 ......................................

雑司ヶ谷 鬼子母神堂  Zoshigaya Kishimojindo Hall




A deity eating children, later pomegranates (zakuro 吉祥果 / ザクロ) instead of meat. The plant has many seeds, to bring many children to praying mothers.


- HP of the temple 法明寺 Homyo-Ji



東京都豊島区雑司ヶ谷3-15-20 / 3 Chome-15-20 Zōshigaya, Toshima ward
- reference source : kishimojin.jp/index -


.......................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県 ......................................

fukuroo kishoomon 腹籠起請文 written ritual pledge keep in the stomach of the statue



At the temple 中山遠寿院 Nakayama Onju-In they have a special pledge people prepare and which is kept in the stomach of a statue of Kishibojin.



- - - - - Maybe this is a mix with the temple of the same name in Chiba
2 Chome-3-2 Nakayama, Ichikawa, Chiba
遠寿院所蔵の起請文
- reference source : onjuin.com/index -


.......................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県 ......................................
身延町 Minobu

The 鬼子母神堂 Kishibojin Hall at the temple in Minobusan is located along the route to the Oku-no-In sanctuary at the Chigo-Ike 稚児池 pond.



At the 鬼子母神堂 Kishibojin Hall, there was an ema 絵馬 votive tablet of a horse, which comes out at night to devastate the fields. The horse had been painted by 狩野探幽 Kano Tanyu and for some reason, the priest found dirt on its hooves and in its mouth every morning.
So special rituals were held to keep it in place.



kishi megami 鬼子め神 "Child eating female deity"


. Minobusan 身延山 and Saint Nichiren .

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Statue from temple Miidera

- Kariteimo - Introduction by Mark Schumacher -

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -



source : miyakobutsuzou.com/item/kisibojin

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. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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- #kishiboshin #kariteimo #kishimojin -
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