2019-12-31

Welcome !

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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- - - - - Welcome to the Heian Period of Japan !

The Heian period  平安時代 Heian jidai 
794 to 1185.


CLICK for more colorful photos !

Read the introduction here:
- - - WIKIPEDIA - - -


This blog also covers the history and culture until the Heian period:

Legendary Emperors (660 BC - 269 AD)
Kofun Period (270-539)
Asuka Period (539–710)

. Nara Period (710 to 794)  奈良時代 .

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Mosts of the material is preliminarily collected on my facebook page.
. Join - Heian Period - on Facebook ! .


Details of the period will be introduced.
The many legends of this period, including legends and haiku about it, will be introduced in more detail.

This BLOG also collects legends, tales and folklore of Japan.


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- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XXX -
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Gabi Greve

. ABC List of Contents - Heian Period .


A Gallery of the Darumapedia, Daruma Museum Japan.

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .


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2019-12-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, the oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


. Legends and tales 伝説 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


. Asuka Kiyomihara Palace 飛鳥 清見原 .

auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

kinri 禁裏 / 禁中 / 御所 living quarters of the emperor
- kinri sama 禁裏様 Emperor

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. “Time in Medieval Japan” - symposium 2018 .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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2019-05-16

sugi cedar tree legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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sugi no ki 杉の木と伝説 Legends about the cedar tree

. sugi no ki 杉の木 cedar tree, Cryptomeria japonica .
- Introduction and Haiku -

Yakusugi 屋久杉 Cedar from Yakushima


source : yakusugido.com...


. Tengu, sugi 天狗と杉と伝説
Legends about Tengu Goblins and Cedar trees .



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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Iwate 岩手県
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軽米町 Karumai town

. sugi no tatari 杉の祟り curse of the Japanese cedar tree .




......................................................................................... Kochi 高知県
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長岡郡 Nagaoka district 西豊永村 Nishi-Toyonaga


. tsue 杖 walking staff of Gyoki Bosatsu .





......................................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県

Mida no sugi 弥陀の杉 Cedar of Amida
- also called
Darumasugi 達磨杉 / だるま杉


平沢弥陀の杉 Hirasawa no Mida no Sugi

In 蔵王町 Zao there was an 阿弥陀堂 Amida Hall, now abolished, and on the bottom of its hill there was a huge tree. People come here to pray for becoming pregnant and having an easy birth.

- reference -

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気仙沼市 Kesennuma

羽田神社 Hada Jinja
In front of the shrine there are two huge cedar trees facing each other.
They are 太郎坊の杉 Tarobo-no-sugi and Jirobo-no-sugi 次郎坊の杉.
Tarobo-sugi has a diameter of almost 7 meters.



......................................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県
.......................................................................
水口町 Minakuchi

. 八坂神社 Yasaka Jinja and Ryuu-ga-mori 竜ヶ森 The Dragon Forest. .




......................................................................................... Tokyo
.......................................................................
荒川区 Arakawa ward

. arasoi sugi 争い杉 dispute about a cedar tree .

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神津島 Kozushima island

. Yamanokami and 大天狗・小天狗 Big and Small Tengu .




......................................................................................... Yamagata 山形県
.......................................................................
最上郡 Mogami district 金山町 Kaneyama

. Fudo Sama no Sugi no Ki 不動様の杉の木 cedar tree of Fudo Myo-o .

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Shōnai 庄内 Shonai

ryuu no hone 龍の骨 bones of a dragon
In Shonai town, in the Meiji period there was a 巨杉 huge cedar tree between the waterfall and the 不動堂 Fudo Hall, but during a strike of lightning it burned down. In its ashes there where almost two buckets full of white bones. The local gossip says these were the bones of a dragon who had lived below the tree.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
77 杉の木 to explore
564 杉 to collect

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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- - - - - #sugi #suginoki #cedar #zeder -
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2019-05-14

do copper legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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doo, dō 銅 と伝説 Legends about copper - Kupfer - Do

. Besshi dōzan 別子銅山 The Besshi copper mine .
in Niihama, Ehime Prefecture.


source : kobelco 銅の歴史と特長


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doozoo 銅像 Dozo, copper statue
doosen 銅錢 Dosen, copper coin
seidoo 青銅 Seido, bronze


.......................................................................


akaki 閼伽器
良弁僧正の弟子実忠和尚が、難波の浦を通った時、閼伽器が波に浮かんできた。取ってみた所、十一面観音像が閼伽器に乗っておられた。その丈7寸の銅像であったが、人の肌のように暖かかったという。聖武天皇がその話を聞き、尊んで東大寺に安置させた。

- - - - -

doozoo 銅像
何の像かもわからない、銅像があった。時々うなり声を上げるので、家の者は驚いた。銅印を作るために譲ったところ、鋳直される内に少なくなってしまった。家の者はそれを聞いて気の毒に思い、全員が病気になった。

- - - - -

honetsugi 骨つぎ bone setting
腰の骨が折れた雀に、銅を削って食わせると、やがて治って飛んでいった。
.....
. bone setting with vinegar .

- - - - -

koku-un 黒雲,haku-un 白雲 - black cloud, white cloud
治承四年(1180)に、山城国東山にある法観禅寺の仏舎利塔(八坂塔)が雷によって焼かれた。その跡を黒雲が覆い、七日後にようやく散じた。ある威徳な上人が言うには、その昔祇園精舎が燃えた時に、その跡を七日間白雲が覆った事もあったという。その地面を掘ったら十一面観音銅像が出土したが、この時は聖徳太子の親書が入った箱が出土した。


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Akita 秋田県
.......................................................................
阿仁合村 Aniai mura

. gingitsune 銀狐 the Silver Fox .
and 阿仁銅山 the Ani Dozan copper mine



......................................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県
.......................................................................
加東郡 Kato district

doozen 銅銭 copper coins
あるところに、労咳で全員が途絶えた豪家があり、化物屋敷という噂が広まった。そこにひとりの六部が泊っていると、丑満頃に白、黄、黒の絵衣を着た3人の僧が入ってきて、寝ている周りを3回まわり、訳のわからない経を唱えて帰っていった。後をつけると馬小屋で消えたので調べると、黄金、白銀、銅錢が埋めてあった。この六部が三井家の祖先であったともいわれている。




......................................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県
.......................................................................
Sendai city, 青葉区 Aoba ward

tobizeni 飛び銭
元禄2(1689)年の夏頃、大町刑部頼利の屋敷によく小石が飛び込んできた。子供の悪戯と思っているうちに今度は銅銭が2つ、3つ、そのうち5つ、6つと投げ込まれ、やがて合計百数十枚にもなったという。昔はこれを飛び銭と言い、諸国に見られた。後に子孫の大町将監がその飛び銭を5代吉村公にお見せしたという。





......................................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県

mukade 百足
赤堀藤太秀郷という人が、勢田の橋辺りで、百足山の百足が夜な夜な竜宮の竜女の子をとろうとするのを射落とした。そのお礼に竜宮からわっぱ(童)がくびり俵や赤銅の鍋を届けにきた。

.......................................................................
大津市 Otsu city

. Tawara Tota, Fujiwara no Hidesato, killing the Mukade 俵藤太秀郷 .




......................................................................................... Shimane 島根県
.......................................................................
鹿足郡 日原村

oni 鬼 demon
節分の晩には出雲に鬼が来るので、出雲の神様は弓を持って青銅の馬に乗り鬼を追って歩く。この日は出雲の人は家を締め切り、決して外を覗いて見ない。昔、お婆さんが節穴から覗いていたら、神様が弓でその目を射った。




......................................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県
.......................................................................
宇都宮市 Utsunomiya city

doozoo no yubi 銅像の指
中学校のプールには銅像が3体ある。そのうちの1体の銅像の指は、設置工事の時は確かに5本だったのに、今では指が6本ある。

..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
63 to collect (09)
06 青銅 bronze
銅像 / 赤銅 - OK

- not included
和銅 Wadō era name, from January 708 through September 715.

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2019-05-12

daikon radish legends

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daikon 大根 と伝説 Legends about radish

. Radish, Reddish, daikon 大根 Raphanus sativas .
- Introduction and haiku -


source : blog.livedoor.jp/dinosaur_tales...

. Daikoku Ten 大黒天 Mahakara Ten .
often depicted with a radish.


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

. i no hi matsuri 亥の日祭 festival on the day of the boar .
On this day people are not allowed to go to the fields to pick daikon 大根 large radish.



......................................................................................... Aichi 愛知県

. Tenteko Matsuri テンテコ祭 Tenteko festival .
and the use of vinegar




......................................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県
.......................................................................
鹿沼市 Kanuma city

. festival dish named okaimo オカイモ Okaimo .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
91 to collect

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2019-05-08

udonge Udumbara legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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udonge 優曇華 / ウドンゲ と伝説 Legends about Udonge flowers
udonge no hana 優曇華の花


This legendary flower is said to flower once in 3000 years and to see its flowers is very special.


source : togetter.com/li...


- quote -
In Buddhism, udumbara (Pali, Sanskrit) refers to the tree, flower and fruit of the Ficus racemosa (syn. Ficus glomerata). In Buddhist literature, this tree or its fruit may carry the connotation of rarity and parasitism. It is also mentioned in Vedic texts as the source of wood for rituals and amulets.
The udumbara is also used to refer to the flower of the blue lotus (Nymphaea caerulea Sav.).
The Japanese word udonge (優曇華)
was used by Dōgen to refer to the flower of the udumbara tree in chapter 68 of the Shōbōgenzō ("Treasury of the Eye of the True Dharma"). Dōgen places the context of the udonge flower in the Flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture Peak. The udonge flower may be symbolic of mind to mind transmission between the teacher and the student, in this case, Gautama Buddha and Mahakasyapa.
Udonge is also used to refer to the eggs of the lacewing insect.
The eggs are laid in a pattern similar to a flower, and its shape is used for divination in Asian fortune-telling.
- wikpedia has more -


. Udonge 優曇華 the udumbara flower .
- Kigo for Summer -

.......................................................................



source : kyonohana.sakura.ne.jp/blogs...
Magnolia delavayi / 優曇華(ウドンゲ)はモクレン科モクレン属の常緑高木である。


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Chiba 千葉県
.......................................................................

usuba kageroo ウスバカゲロウ Myrmeleontidae ephemera, lacewing

If this Ephemera lays its eggs near the top of the sliding door, people call it "Udonge".
This is an auspicious omen for the home.



......................................................................................... Kyoto 京都府
.......................................................................
北区 Kita ward

. shi no yochoo 死の予兆 omens of death .
If the birds sing in a long, sad voice, if the blossoms of udonge 優曇華 cluster fig tree begin to bloom in the garden, if a person gets black warts and spots on the skin (死黒子) this is all an omen of approaching death.

.......................................................................
右京区 Ukyo ward

In 宇津村 Utsumura village they say if someone sees the flowers of Udonge, the family will become poor.



......................................................................................... Miyazaki 宮崎県

If the Udonge shows its flowers, there will be misfortune.
If someone sees the flowers of Udonge in a dream, he will soon die.




......................................................................................... Nara 奈良県
.......................................................................
菟田野町 Utano town

The Udonge flower is a forebode of death.




......................................................................................... Osaka 大阪府
.......................................................................
箕面市 Mino, Minoh city / 茨木市 Ibaraki city

If the Udonge begins to flower, the home will have misfortune.
If the flowres begin to grow around a pillar in the 床柱 Tokonoma alcove, the family will perish.




......................................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県
.......................................................................
茂木町 Motegi town

If the Udonge shows its flowers, someone is going to die.

.......................................................................
宇都宮市 Utsunomiya city

If the Udonge has 白 white flowers, there will be theft.
If it has 黒 black flowers, someone will die.
If it has 赤 red flowres, it brings good luck.



......................................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県
.......................................................................
日高郡 Hidaka district 由良町 Yura town

If someone is near death, the color of his face will fade and he might just barely be able to draw a breath.
Sometimes the 味噌 Miso paste will turn black, the 醤油 soy sauce will get rotten or the Udonge will show its flowers.



..............................................................................................................................................

- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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- - - - - #udonge -
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sato sugar legends

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satoo 砂糖 と伝説 Sato - Legends about sugar - Zucker

CLICK for more

. satoo 砂糖 Sato, sugar - Zucker .
- Introduction -
wasanbon 和三盆 wasambon, wasanbon toh, wasanbonto, wasanbon sugar from Shikoku


. satoo no michi シュガーロード(砂糖の道) sugar road .
The road between Nagasaki and Kokura (Ogura) 小倉, then on to Kyoto during the Edo period.


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Akita 秋田県
.......................................................................
仙北郡 Senboku district

鼻なめ地蔵
仙北郡にある村に鼻なめ地蔵というのがある。子供が鼻をなめようとしても届かない。背の高い子が来ても地蔵の背が高くなって舐めることができないのだといわれている。黒砂糖を鼻に塗ってあり、鼻をなめてみろと言わんばかりだという。

There is a Miso Name Jizo 味噌なめ地蔵 in Kofu.


......................................................................................... Aomori 青森県
.......................................................................
三戸郡 Sannohe district 南郷村 Nango mura village

. kitsune densetsu 狐と伝説 fox legends - キツネ .
kitsune キツネ
昭和の初め、八戸からの帰り道に黒砂糖やそばもちなんかを食べながら歩いていると、のぼり街道の二ツ家の松のあたりで必ずオバフトコロという名のキツネにだまされた。そこは昔処刑場だったので、その亡霊かもしれないということだった。




......................................................................................... Chiba 千葉県
.......................................................................
長生郡 Chosei district 長柄町 Nagara cho town

. kitsune densetsu 狐と伝説 fox legends - キツネ .
サナブリのとき、お爺さんと近所の若い人が夕方歩いていて、ニイザカという山道で休んでいた。すると若い女が提灯を下げ、重箱を持ってやってきて、砂糖餅をあげるという。食べたら出来立てでほかほかとおいしかったが、翌朝見ると、歯に馬糞がたくさんついていた。狐の仕業。
- - - - -
1940年ごろのこと。サナブリ時分、夕方に奉公人2人が一服していると、若い女が重箱を持ってやってきて、砂糖餅をあげるというので食べた。翌朝見ると、歯に馬糞がたくさんついていた。狐の仕業。




......................................................................................... Fukushima 福島県
.......................................................................
耶麻郡 Yama district 高郷村 Takasato mura village

- folk belief
子供が病気になったときは、小豆を煮て砂糖菓子を作り地蔵さんに供える。そしてそれを下げて、子供に食べさせると病気の治りが早いという。




......................................................................................... Kagawa 香川県
.......................................................................

ushi 牛
讃岐国の崇徳天皇の山下の西に住む庄村武八という者が、自分の牛に砂糖の荷を引かせていたところ、その牛が「砂糖を引く時以外は餌をくれないので、しんどくて引けない」と言ったという。武八は恐れて砂糖を引かせず、常に牛舎にいれておいたという。




......................................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県
.......................................................................
大島郡 Oshima district

ケンムン kenmun / けんもん kenmon
砂糖小屋で寝ているときにけんもんが入ってくると、寝たふりをして足で蹴飛ばすと良い。けんもんは人間の邪魔にならないよう片隅に座り直す。これを2・3回繰り返すと最後にはどこかに行ってしまう。

夜に砂糖小屋で砂糖を作っていると、ケンムンがゾロゾロきて砂糖鍋の周りを回る。それに少しでもいたずらすると、砂糖が固まらなくなる。だからケンムンのするとおりにさせて、自らの家に帰るように促す。すると青火になってプーっと飛んでゆくという。今は井之川岳に神様を祀るようになってから見えない。

砂糖小屋に泊まっているとケンムンが来て火にあたった。ケンムンが「何が一番怖いか」と聞くので金が怖いと答えた。ケンムンは蛸が怖いと言っていた。毎日ケンムンが来て邪魔なので蛸を投げると驚いて逃げ、翌日金を沢山置いていった。

黒砂糖を作るのに失敗したときにはケンムンの仕業に仕立ててしまう。

kenmun ケンムン,aoi hi 青い火
ケンムンが砂糖小屋に遊びに来ると、砂糖が炊き上がるまで遊ばせておいた。そうするとおとなしいが、手を出すと砂糖が出来なくなる。砂糖が出来たらケンムン達に自分の家に帰るように促す。すると青い火になって飛んでゆくという。

. kenmun ケンムン hinotoragami ヒノトラガミ .
Kenmun is a kind of sea turtle Yokai, friend of Kappa san.




......................................................................................... Kochi 高知県
.......................................................................
高知市 Kochi city

. yamachichi 山チチ / 山地乳 Yamachichi yokai monster .
昔、大晦日の夜に馬曳きが山ちちに会った。馬に積んでいた人参や大根、砂糖、はては馬まで取られた。その後、山ちちが釜で寝ていたので、重石をして、下から火を焚いた。山ちちは助けてくれといったが、構わずに焚いた。何も言わなくなったので開けてみると、真黒に焦げて死んでいた。




......................................................................................... Niigata 新潟県

. kitsune densetsu 狐と伝説 fox legends - キツネ .
穴に住んでいた狐が居なくなった。ある日婆さんが寺の嫁さんに会って砂糖をもらった。しかし本当の嫁さんは、その日全く違った所にいた。おそらく狐が嫁さんに化けて婆さんに昔の恩返しをしにきたのだろう。

.......................................................................
東蒲原郡 阿賀町

kitsune 狐
合川から三宝分まで帰る中学生が、砂糖とニシンを買って帰った。峠まで来ると母親がいたので、砂糖とニシンをわたした。母親は「用がある。先に帰りなさい」というので帰ると、家にも母親がいた。狐に化かされた。朝見てみると、道のあちこちにニシンが落ちてたという。



......................................................................................... Shimane 島根県
.......................................................................
出雲市 Izumo city 大塚町 Otsuka town

. Legends about nanten 南天 Nandina .
For detoxification, 5 or 6 of the red Nandina berries are crushed and eaten.
If a baby has been born, sugar can be put on Nandina leaves to prevent poison from enering the body.
nan ten ... symbolic for
nan o ten suru 難を転する
to turn bad luck into good luck, to turn difficulties to a good ending ...




......................................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県
.......................................................................
御殿場市 Gotenba city

. fuurai neko フーライ猫 a wild cat .



......................................................................................... Yamagata 山形県
.......................................................................
西村山郡

Daishi sama 大師様
10月のサンダイシのうち、23日に作る団子には砂糖を使ってもよい。それは、昔大師様が粥に砂糖を入れようとしたとき火傷をしたためである。
10月のサンダイシのうち、23日に作る団子には砂糖を使ってもよい。それは、この日に大師様が生き返ったからである。

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -



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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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2019-05-06

shio salt legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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shio 塩 と伝説 Legends about salt


source : History of Japanese Salt

. shio 塩 salt, Salz .
- Introduction -

. Salty Sweets .
- Introduction -

Shio no michi 塩の道 The Salt Road  
Chikuni Kaido 千国街道 From Niigata to Matsumoto in Nagano.

. Kanshinji 観心寺 Temple Kanshin-Ji - Osaka .
famous for hokuto no shio 北斗の塩 "salt of the big dipper"


. Meersalz - Die Geschichte des Salzes in Japan


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Fukushima 福島県
.......................................................................
いわき市 Iwaki town 四倉町 Yotsukuramachi

. shinmei sama しんめいさま - Kumano Shinmei 熊野神明 .




......................................................................................... Hiroshima 広島県
.......................................................................
安佐郡 Asa district

. onibaba 鬼婆 the demon hag .




......................................................................................... Ishikawa 石川県
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白山市 Hakusan city

. niwatori no ashi ニワトリの足 legs of a rooster .




......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
下伊那 Shimoi district

. shio no i 塩の井 Shionoi, the Salt Well .




......................................................................................... Yamagata 山形県
.......................................................................
村山市 Murayama city

. ryuu, ryū 龍 竜 伝説 Ryu - dragon legends .
When the dragon, which lives on the banks of 最上川 river Mogamigawa, goes up to heaven, it will rain the next day.
When the local priest was giving a sermon, a woman showed up saying she came from the 龍宮 Dragon Palace. Thanks to the sermon she had attained enlightenment and had come to say thank you.
She brought some gifts: 1000 pieces of lumber, one shakuji 杓子 ladle and a robe with no trace of stitches.
If people scoop water from the river with this ladle, it will turn salty.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
544 to collect
38 塩 神社
15 塩 天狗
13 塩 山の神
11 塩 河童
06 塩辛 salty
04 塩 龍

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #salz #shio #salt #salty #saltwater -
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