2018-12-31

Welcome !

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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- - - - - Welcome to the Heian Period of Japan !

The Heian period  平安時代 Heian jidai 
794 to 1185.


CLICK for more colorful photos !

Read the introduction here:
- - - WIKIPEDIA - - -


This blog also covers the history and culture until the Heian period:

Legendary Emperors (660 BC - 269 AD)
Kofun Period (270-539)
Asuka Period (539–710)

. Nara Period (710 to 794)  奈良時代 .

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Mosts of the material is preliminarily collected on my facebook page.
. Join - Heian Period - on Facebook ! .


Details of the period will be introduced.
The many legends of this period, including legends and haiku about it, will be introduced in more detail.

This BLOG also collects legends, tales and folklore of Japan.

Gabi Greve

. ABC List of Contents - Heian Period .


A Gallery of the Darumapedia, Daruma Museum Japan.

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .


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- #heianperiod #legendsofjapan #heianjidai #folklore -
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2018-12-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, he oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


. Asuka Kiyomihara Palace 飛鳥 清見原 .

auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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2018-04-20

Ariakeyama Ariakesan Nagano

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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. Ariakeyama 有明山 Ariakesan, Mount Ariake - Nagano 

Nobutaroo 信太郎 Nobutaro
Once Nobutaro went with a friend to 有明山 Mount Ariakeyama.
When they tried to jump over the Tenguiwa 天狗岩 Tengu boulder, their bodies became an enormous in size and they jumped over 馬羅尾谷 Baraodani valley and disappeared.
Nobutaro's father 久作 Kyusaku, who had lost his only son, went everywhere to look for him. He could not find him and had to work in the fields all alone from that time on.
He build a small sanctuary for Nobutaro, 信の宮 Nobu no Miya.


有明山 Mount Ariakeyama (2268m).
Ariakeyama is also called Shino Fuji 信濃富士 Mount Fuji of the Shino region.

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- quote -
Ariake-yama (2268m)
Today, rather few people know Ariake-yama.
Of those who do, not many pay the mountain much regard. And, although the ridgeways between Yari-ga-take and Tsubakuro may be crowded enough to qualify as an Alpine “Ginza”, fewer still pay much attention to Ariake-yama even when they find it rearing up at them on their way to the foot of Tsubakuro. Rather, their eyes are drawn to the more imposing heights beyond. Ariake, it seems, has been consigned to the meizan of past ages.

In former times, though, people would direct their gaze not to those indistinct higher peaks but to the shapely mountain right in front of them, revering Ariake-yama as the Mt Fuji of Shinano Province. In an age when the Northern Alps were still “terra incognita”,
Ariake was celebrated by no less a poet than Monk Saigyō:

In Shinano on a day
It sent me awestruck on the way
To Hosono, the sight
Of mighty Ariake on the right


And then there are these lines by Monk Yūgyō:

By this moon’s kindly light
I will not lose the narrow
Road to Hosono, although
It leads me under Ariake’s height


- Ariake-yama seen from Otensho-dake; print by Yoshida Hiroshi -

According to an old chronicle, the mountain was opened in the second year of Daidō (807), when the great avatar Tohanachi Gongen was enshrined there at a place sacred to Ame-no-Uzume, where this goddess of dawn, mirth and revelry had manifested herself as a Buddha to save all living things. The mountain was once called Tohanachi-dake or “Door Away Peak”, in honour of the legend in which the sun goddess Amaterasu shut herself up in a cave and was coaxed out again when the goddess Ame-no-Uzume performed a comical dance. At which the god Tajikarawo-no-mikoto wrenched away the cave’s door and hurled it to earth at this very spot.

I came across this chronicle, the Record of Ariake’s Inauguration (Ariake Kaizan Ryakki), in Mr Kumahara Masao’s book on the dawn of Japanese mountaineering. By this account, the mountain mystic Yūkai, finding it lamentable that people had altogether given up climbing this sacred mountain, set out with his youngest brother in the sixth year of Kyōho (1721) together with fifteen or so villagers from the hamlet of Itadori at the mountain’s foot, and found his way over trackless slopes to the summit. There they stayed overnight and descended the next day.

The first path up the mountain was presumably opened on this occasion, as the chronicle says. And after a small shrine was installed on the summit, people came every summer, from far and wide, in droves to climb the mountain.

For evidence that this custom lasted into the Meiji period, we need look no further than Walter Weston, the mountaineering missionary and so-called Father of the Japan Alps, who climbed Ariake on August 14, 1912, in the first year of Taishō. Presumably he’d heard of Ariake’s reputation as a “meizan” of long standing. Most people associate Weston with Mountaineering and Exploration in the Japanese Alps (1896), and rather fewer are aware of his later book, The Playground of the Far East (1918), which also concerns itself mainly with the mountains of Japan. This is probably because there is no translation. It is in this later book that he describes his ascent of Ariake.
- - snip snip - -
And then it’s easy to understand how Ariake came by its title of Shinano-Fuji.
- source : onehundredmountains.blogspot.jp... -


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Azuma fushi song 安曇節
「なにを思案の有明山に小首かしげて出たわらび」と安曇節にも歌われ、その形から信濃富士とも呼ばれる山。ここにも天の岩戸伝説があり、手力雄命が岩戸を開いて、世の中が明るくなったので有明山というそうです。魏石鬼を田村麻呂が退治したという伝説もあります。・長野県安曇野市と松川村にまたがる。
- reference source : toki.moo 961 - - tba

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

Nakatsuna koo 中綱湖 Lake Nakatsuna
Once upon a time, Mount Ariake and Lake Nakatsuna were fighting about which one was higher.
Then one day a pregnant woman came along and looked at mount Ariakeyama. She said laughingly: "Well Ariakeyama is not that high ... "
Since that time Mount Ariakeyama stoppe getting higher.

hachimen daioo 八面大王 oni 鬼 Demon
有明山のふもとに住む弥左衛門は息子の弥助が幼いうちに八面大王という鬼にさらわれた。立派に成長した弥助はあるとき大きな山鳥を助けた。それから3日して弥助は美しい娘を娶った。そのうちまた八面大王が暴れ始めた。坂上田村麻呂が観音堂で祈ったところ、特定の山鳥の尾を矢にするよう言われた。その話を聞いた弥助は悩んだが、嫁がそれを持ってきた。嫁は山鳥の化身であり、その後姿を消した。その矢で八面大王は退治された。
.
有明山のふもとに住んでいた弥左衛門は薬草を採りに行って、そのまま八面大王という鬼にさらわれた。妻は1人で幼い息子の弥助を育て、弥助はやがて立派に成長した。ある年、弥助は大きな山鳥を助けてやった。それから3日、美しい娘と知り合った弥助は、その娘を嫁にした。春になると、また八面大王が暴れるようになり、坂上田村麻呂がそれを征伐しにきた。


yakoo no tama 夜光の玉 a ball of light in the night
In the center of Mount Ariakeyama, there is a ball of light.
Because of this, the valley at its foot are never completely in the dark. They can never loose their way in a dark night.

..............................................................................................................................................

- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
06 to explore

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .

. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 Tengu rocks and boulders .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #ariakeyama #ariakesan -
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2018-04-12

Tengu no Dairi Palace Emaki

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tengu no Dairi 天狗の内裏 The Palace of the Tengu
'The Palace of the Long-Nosed Goblins'


. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -

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This is a story about the young Minamoto no Yoshitsune, who is taken on a tour of the underworld by a Tengu from Mount Kurama.
Written in the Muromachi period.
This story exists in numerous lavish picture scrolls and woodblock-printed editions in libraries and museums around the world.

- quote -
Ushiwaka's "Visit to Supernatural Regions (Tengu no dairi)
In this story, Ushiwaka learns of the existence of a tengu palace deep in the mountains and by offering prayers to Bishamon succeeds in visiting it.
The Great Tengu welcomes him hospitably and offers to take him to see Yoshitomo (his father), who has been reborn in the Pure Land as a Buddha. Following a tour of the 136 Buddhist hells, the two finally reached the Pure Land.
Yoshitomo urges Ushiwaka to destroy the Heike and then predicts his future.
Back in the Tengu palace, Ushiwaka and the Great Tengu exchange pupil-teacher vows
and Ushiwaka returns to Kurama.
Yoshitsune: A Fifteenth-century Japanese Chronicle
- source : Helen Craig McCullough -
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Tengu no dairi emaki 天狗の内裏絵巻
picture scroll of the palace of the long-nosed goblins,

illustrated manuscript in 2 rolls, telling the story of the young Minamoto Yoshitsune
and of his visit to the court of Tengu.







Yoshitsune watches the Tengu fighting



- Yoshitsune And A Buddha
- source : akg-images.com/archive... British Library -


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. The Tengu Sōjōbō 僧正坊 from Mount Kurama .
and 源義経 Minamoto no Yoshitsune 




. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #tengunodairi #tengupalace #palaceoftengu #tenguemaki #tengupicturescroll -
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2018-04-10

Tengu Iwa boulder rock

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 / テングイワ / Tengu no Iwa 天狗の岩
Legends about Tengu boulders and rocks
Tenguishi, Tengu-Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Ishi, Tengu stone


. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .


..... the tengu-ishi (falling stones or pebbles), also have the character of a sudden event in the solitude of the mountains or forests.
The main point of the inauspicious activities of the medieval tengu may be described as anti-Buddhism.
- source : Asian Mythologies Yves Bonnefoy -

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............................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県 
......................................................................
今治市 Imabara 大三島町 Omishima

. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu rock" .
and
Yokomakura no Iwa 横枕の岩





............................................................................... Fukui 福井県 
......................................................................
今立郡 Imadate district 池田町 Ikeda

When they were digging a canal for 月ヶ瀬用水 the Tsukigase Waterway, a Tengu came and disturbed them, throwing stones.
One of the workers went to Shikoku to pray at Konpira san and after that, the Tengu did not show up any more.
One of the rocks along the Waterway is called Tengu Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu Rock".

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遠敷郡 Onyu district 名田庄村 Natasho

. Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain and Tengu legends .





............................................................................... Fukushima 福島県 
......................................................................
南会津郡 Minami-Aizu district 大宮村 Omiya mura

Below the Tengu-Iwa there is a 天狗堂 Tengu Hall on the mountain road. There are a lot of tama-ishi 玉石 cobble stones. The villagers say they have been thrown from the opposite mountain by another Tengu during a fight.

南郷の天狗伝説 with photos
- reference source : minamiaizukankou/archives... -

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南郷村 Nango mura

Tengu ishi 天狗石 / O-Degu Sama オデグ様
O-Degu Sama (Tengu Sama) is a male deity. Once he played with a woman on the other side of the river, throwing pebbles at each other.
These are the Tengu Ishi. They sometimes fall down from the mountain even in our time.





............................................................................... Gunma 群馬県 

Tenguiwa Jinja 天狗岩神社 Shrine Tenguiwa



群馬県吾妻郡長野原町長野原打越 / Naganohara, Agatsuma District, Gunma
- HP of the shrine : plala.or.jp/tenguiwa... -

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前橋市 Maebashi


The Tenguiwa yoosui 天狗岩用水 Tenguiwa irrigation canal

is a name for two canals:
In 1604, 秋元長朝 Akimoto Nagatomo started the 越中堀 Etchubori canal .
In 1610, 伊那忠次 / 伊奈 忠次 Ina Tadatsugu (1550 – 1610) built the 代官堀 Daikanbori canal.



During the construction of the Etchubori, there was a huge boulder blocking the way. There came a Yamabushi mountain priest (a Tengu) and offered some prayers - now the boulder could be removed.
Thanks to the canals the Akimoto clan could extend its fields and agriculture land.
The greatfull farmers built a temple in honor of Akimoto, 光厳寺 Kogan-Ji and
erected a memorial stone, 力田遺愛碑 Ryokudeniai no hi.



Later in the Meiji period, the fifth hydroelectric power plant in Japan was built here.
- reference source : kanto/nouson/sekkei/kokuei... -

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多野郡 Tano district 上野村 Ueno

A hunter had been bewitched by a Tengu and made grappling with the root of a tree the whole night.
.
Mount Hotakayama 武尊山 is a place where the Tengu live and where the Shugendo priests have a training area.
There are sanctuaries for 大天狗、小天狗の祠 the Big and Small Tengu, a 天狗屋根 Tengu Yane and a Tengu-Iwa.
. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu rock" - Photo - .





............................................................................... Iwate 岩手県  
......................................................................
岩手町 Iwate city

If the Tengu comes to sit on the Tengu-Iwa and hit his drum, there will be fine weather in the coming year.

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東磐井郡 Higashi-Iwai district 大東村 Daito son 京津畑集落 Kyotsuhata


source snd photos : akarin-yama.at.webry.info...

On 天狗岩山 Mount Tenguiwayama (772 m)
there lived a Tengu. When the Tengu died, the mountain got its name.
On its top is a huge boulder. If it falls down one day, it will be back in its position the next morning.
The mountain is used as farmland up to about 720 m.

toraneko 虎猫 tabby
At a nunnery in Kyotsuhata there lived a tabby cat loved by all. The cat even got アンズキ飯 rice with auspicious red beans. When the cat died, they put some of this rice in the coffin and carried it to Mount Tenguiwa. The nuns begun to chant
虎や虎や、南無虎や、アンズキ飯の御徳や
Dear Tabby, Oh, Dear Tabby, It is all by virtue of the read beans rice.





............................................................................... Kagawa 香川県  
......................................................................
小豆郡 Shozu district

. Tengu no kamikakushi 天狗と神かくし kidnapped, abduction .




............................................................................... Kanagawa 神奈川県  

Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Stone
A child that had been missing for a while was heard crying on the mountain on the other side of the valley.
It must have been abducted by a Tengu. On the mountain near 舟原 Funabara there is a Tengu Ishi.





............................................................................... Kochi 高知県 
......................................................................
土佐山 Tosayama

Once upon a time, a man had gotten secret teachings from a Tengu and could perform various rituals and spells.
At a festival, he exchanged questions and answers with a Tengu for a long time, but the other villagers could not hear or see a thing. Later they named the spot Tengu-Iwa and came to celebrate there once a year.




............................................................................... Kyoto 京都府  
京丹波町 Kyo-Tanba

Once upon a very long time, the Tengu frequently came to take a rest on the Tenguiwa.




............................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県  
......................................................................
本吉郡 Motoyoshi district 南三陸町 Minamisanriku

Once upon a time, a Tengu had come all the way from 岩木山 Mount Iwakisan in Aomori, but by mistake he hurt his eye at the 杉 pine tree. The Tengu cut down the tree and placed a huge stone in its place, this is now the Tenguishi, Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengo stone.




............................................................................... Nagano 長野県 

Nobutaroo 信太郎 Nobutaro
Once Nobutaro went with a friend to 有明山 Mount Ariakeyama. When they tried to jump over the Tenguiwa, their bodies became an enormous in size and they jumped over 馬羅尾谷 Baraodani valley and disappeared.
Nobutaro's father 久作 Kyusaku, who had lost his only son, went everywhere to look for him. He could not find him and had to work in the fields all alone from that time on.
He build a small sanctuary for Nobutaro, 信の宮 Nobu no Miya.


有明山 Mount Ariakeyama (2268m).
Ariakeyama is also called Shino Fuji 信濃富士 Mount Fuji of the Shino region.

. Ariakeyama 有明山 Ariakesan, Mount Ariake .


......................................................................
飯山市 Iiyama

On top of 高社山 Mount Koshasan (1,352 m) there is a 天狗岩 Tengu Iwa.

Tenguiwayama 天狗岩山 (1,070 m)
名峰高社山が東方間近にあるおかげで、登山客から見向きされない寂峰
滝ノ沢山へは「柳沢の名水」や「エドヒガンザクラ老木」がある滝ノ沢森林公園から滝ノ沢川左岸の尾根を目指して登ります。 主尾根に出ると赤ペンキマークが山頂まで続いているので迷うことはありません。山頂にはかなり古い年代の自然石石碑と山頂標板があるだけで、 展望も西方が僅かに開けているだけです。地形図には山名がありませんが、滝ノ沢川の源頭と言うことから地元では呼んでいます。
地形図にもその名が記されている天狗岩山ですが、長野県に数多くある天狗(天狗山・天狗岳他)と名のつく山で、登山道がないのは この天狗岩山だけかも知れません。滝ノ沢森林公園からの尾根直登コースは平均斜度30度以上で過酷さは必然です。
- reference source : naganoken.jp/mount/hokushin/shiga-w/tenguiwa... -

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北佐久郡 Kita-Saku district 立科町 Tateshina

Many Tengu came together at the top of this boulder. On orders of the deity 立科明神 Tateshina Myojin to figure out the 善悪 good and evil in this world.

......................................................................
Suwa, 上諏訪町 Kami-Suwa machi

Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Stone
In 大和 Yamato at Kami-Suwa there is a Tengu Stone. They say it looks just like a Tengu face, hence the name.
Others say once a Tengu had come down here to take a rest.





............................................................................... Okayama 岡山県 
......................................................................
苫田郡 Tomata district 富村 Tomison

Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 Tengu Iwa boulder
小川家、為本家らの先祖は度々大山に日帰りで参って草履の裏に土をつけなかったという。これは天狗の助けによったという。この村の天狗岩は天狗が羽根を休める所で雪の降り始める頃に異様な音響をたてて岩が鳴りわたるという。この村の大長芳太郎氏はほの暗い頃、天狗倒しに会い鉄砲を空に放つと鴨の様なものがおちてきたという。
.
苫田郡には天狗岩があり雪の降った日に近くを通ると地響きがする。また山中には時々天狗が飛来するとき天狗倒しという山の鳴動が聞こえる。
.
天狗岩
岩倉という山の谷で天狗岩という巨石がそびえていて、天狗が鉾をといだものという。鉾立という地名もある。
.

. Tengu-daoshi, Tengu daoshi 天狗倒し "Tengu knocking down trees" .




............................................................................... Saitama 埼玉県 
.......................................................................
奥秩父 Oku-Chichibu

. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu boulder" .
and the Tengu from 倉尾村 Kurao and 小鹿野町 Ogano

??秩父の山の中の七代の滝の奥の天狗岩のあたりには昔、天狗が住んでいた。近所の寺の坊さんはこれを小使のように使っていた。客が京都の豆腐を食べたいというと、天狗が一瞬にして千里を走って使いしてきた。

- - - - -

Kokushidake no Tengu-Iwa 国師岳の天狗岩 Tengu Rock, Tengu Boulder
Mount Kokushidake is 2591 m high.





............................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県 
......................................................................
伊香郡 Ina district 余呉町

山の中の平洞というところには松があり、そこに天狗が住んでいた。そこで天狗岩という名がついた。



............................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県 
.......................................................................
榛原郡 Haibara district 本川根町 Honkawane

Tenguishiyama 天狗石山
天狗石山に霧がかかると雨が降る。

.......................................................................
浜松市 Hamamatsu 三ケ日町

天狗岩という岩がある。「天狗岩から天狗が来るぞ」と子どもをおどした。そのときに、「天狗が出たら草履を頭にかぶれ」と教わった。
.
奥山の北三軒屋の山の上に、天狗岩という岩がある。「天狗岩から天狗が来るぞ」と子どもをおどした。
.
天狗岩では誰かが火を焚いているように見えたという。人を脅かそうとして言ったのではないか。

.......................................................................
庵原郡 Ihara 両河内村

天狗岩の近くで炭焼きをしていたら、笛太鼓でジャンジャカジャンジャカ賑やかにやる音だけ聞こえた。姿は見えなかった。天狗さんの仕業。




............................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県  
......................................................................
海部郡 Ama district 宍喰町

天狗の下駄や、天狗の馬の蹄の跡が残っている天狗岩がある。天狗は正月になるとその岩に来て鉦や太鼓を叩くので、近隣の老婆は「恐ろしい」と言って早くから家の戸を閉めていた。




............................................................................... Tokyo 東京都 

琴平神社の天狗岩 Kotohira Jinja, Tengu-Iwa



東京都あきる野市五日市 / Itsukaichi, Akiruno, Tokyo
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/ruribo0209... photos -



............................................................................... Tottori 鳥取県 
.......................................................................
岩美郡 Iwami district

天狗岩の前のゼニバタケというところに難儀している人が行くと、天狗が出て来て銭を撒いてくれたという。




............................................................................... Yamagata 山形県 
.......................................................................

Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Stone / 天狗スモウ取山
天狗スモウ取山では正月10日の未明に置賜と庄内と村山の天狗が集まって、鞍馬山の天狗を行事にスモウを取る。二ッ石山では昔、朝日権現と月山権現の天狗が法力比べの末、双方とも精根尽きて2つの天狗石と化したという。





............................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県 
......................................................................
みなべ町 Manabe

名之内の奥の2つ重なった大岩を天狗岩といい、そこで天狗が休むという。

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #tenguiwa #tenguboulder #tengurock -
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2018-03-28

Butsusen Buddhist immortals hermits

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
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Butsusen 仏仙 / 佛仙 Buddhist Immortals and Hermits

Butsusen-kai 仏仙界 the realm of Buddhist immortals is the realm where the immortals live
(as opposed to the shinsen-kai 神仙界, the realm were the Shinto deities reside, in the famous mountains like 富士山 Fujisan or 蓬莱山 Horaisan.)

These Sennin practise sendo 仙道修行 to become Immortals and budo shugyo 武道修行 martial arts.
They live a hermit life with little contact to the world, with no pain and no joy.
Usually when someone enters this realm, he is not allowed to come back.

There are various types of Butsusen:
tensen 天仙 Sennin of the heavenly realm. chisen 地仙 Sennin of the earthly realm
shikaisen 尸解仙 Shikaisen, rikusen 陸仙、suisen 水仙 、shinsen 新仙、doosen 童仙 child Sennin,
gyokujo 玉女 "treasure women", sennyo 仙女 female Sennin

The Butsusen Hermits are also called Daisen 大仙、Sensei 仙聖、or simply Sen 仙.

- - - Shikaisen is the realm where the body survives after death.
. sokushinbutsu 即身仏のミイラ the Living Mummies of Japan .






. China - The Eight Immortals 八仙 Pa Hsien .


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日本の仏仙人16人 - The 16 Buddhist Immortals of Japan

. 01 Koma no Kikori 高麗山樵 woodcutter from Mount Komayama .


. 02 Udohama Nyosen 宇度浜女仙 female Sennin from Udohama beach .
and
03 Yoshinoyama Nyosen 吉野山女仙 female Sennin from Mount Yoshinoyama


. 04 Suzuka no okina 鈴鹿翁(すずかのおきな) Old Man Suzuka .

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05 Yagara no Okina 煎柄翁

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. 06 Kakinomoto Hitomaro 柿本人麻呂 Hitomaru 人丸 / 人麿 .

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07 Yoro Sennin 養老仙人 並 草野何某 Yoro Sennin and Nanigashi

- long article
- reference source : nihonkogaku.com/content/report... -


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08 飛龍士韓志和 ? Kanshiwa

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. 09 Ono no Takamura 小野篁 . (802 - 852)

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10 Shirohashi no Okina 白箸翁 (しろはしのおきな)Old Man selling white chopsticks


source : 国際日本文化研究センタ

He was a strange old man, living in the Early Heian period.
Around (859-877) he sold white chopsticks in the streets of Kyoto. He always seemed to be about 70 years. After his death his body was buried in the earth.
But a few years later people saw him, clad like a monk, reading the 法華経 Hoke-Kyo Sutra

Hakucho-o den 白箸翁伝 ハクチョオウデン Legend of Hakucho-O
book by 紀長谷雄 Ki no Haseo (845 – 912) , Literat of the Heian Period

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11 Sadazumi Shinno 貞純親王  (?874-916)
平安時代前期-中期,清和天皇の皇子。
母は棟貞王(むねさだおう)の娘。貞観(じょうがん)15年親王となる。中務(なかつかさ)卿,兵部(ひょうぶ)卿,上総(かずさ)・常陸(ひたち)・上野(こうずけ)の太守をつとめた。清和源氏の祖である源経基(つねもと)の父とされる。延喜(えんぎ)16年5月7日死去。
貞純親王(さだずみしんのう)は、日本の平安時代前期の皇族。清和天皇の第六皇子。母は棟貞王の娘。王子に経基王・経生王がある。桃園親王と号す。
親王任国とされる上総や常陸の太守や、中務卿・兵部卿を歴任したが、位階は四品に留まった。経基・経生の両王子が共に源姓を賜与され臣籍降下したことから、清和源氏の祖の一人となった。ただし、これについては異説があり、従来の貞純親王流とされる清和源氏は陽成天皇(親王の兄)からつながる血筋だとする説もある。また、出生年月日は貞観12年(870年)3月10日[1]、貞観16年(874年)3月23日[2]とも。
いわゆる清和源氏の出自について異説があるが、その一つに陽成源氏説がある。これは、清和源氏の祖とされた経基王が陽成天皇の皇子・元平親王の皇子ではないかとする説である。これは明治の歴史学者星野恒の唱えたもので、明治30年代に石清水八幡宮祠官田中家文書の中に源頼信が応神天皇陵に納めたとされる永承元年(1046年)告文に「先人新発其先経基其先元平親王其先陽成天皇其先清和天皇」と明記してある事を根拠としたもの。しかしこの文書は写本であり、告文の裏面に校正したと但書きがあることから信憑性が疑われている。また、告文の内容は河内石川庄の相続順序に過ぎないとする説や、12世紀はじめに書かれた「大鏡」が武家源氏を清和天皇の末としていることもあり、清和源氏が正しいとする学者が多くいる。
- reference source : wikipedia -


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. 12 Ariwara no Narihira 在原業平朝臣 .

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13 Ikoma Sennin 生馬仙人
【生馬仙人】---59代宇多天皇(在位887-897)時代。
生馬仙人は、摂津国住吉県の人なり。
河内国高安県の東山の麓なる、生馬谷の奥に住り。
宇多天皇の寛平九年、行脚の僧明達と云へる人有り。
或時此東山の絶頂に登りて、深谷を見るに、一の草庵有り。
明達奇みて、其の谷に下り行き、庵の内を見れば、顔色黄みたる人、【頭に白帽子を戴き、身に白衣を着たる】が居れり。
明達近づきて、君は誰人にて、又何の為に、此の深山の奥に、獨り住む給ふやと問ひければ、此の人答て、我は是れ生馬の仙人なり。
汝遥々ここに来たりたれば、定めて飢に及びたらむとて、瓜五つを取り出して、明達に与へ、此瓜は此の地に生ずるものなり。
之を食して、飢渇を免るべしと云へるにぞ。
明達其の好意を謝し、之れを受けて食するに、其の味の美きこと云ふばかりなし。
明達重ねて、仙人は此の地に住みて、幾歳をか経給へると問へば、仙人答へて、然ればとよ、我此の山谷に入りてより以来、未だ山を下りて麓をだに見たること無れば、幾年経たりとも知らず。
唯長生不死の道を求るのみと云へるとぞ。
明達故郷に帰りて人に語れるより、此事普く世に語り伝ふること々はなりしとなむ。
- reference source : majinnnn.jugem.jp -

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14 Miyako no Yoshika 都良香 (834 - 897)
a ninth century Japanese scholar and poet. Legends say that 100 years after he left office, he was spotted on a mountain as a hermit, his face unchanged.
... 承和元年(834年) - 元慶3年2月25日(879年3月21日))は、平安時代前期の貴族・文人。姓は宿禰のち朝臣。初名は言道。主計頭・都貞継の子。官位は従五位下・文章博士。
more and photo
- reference source : wikipedia -

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. 15 Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真 .

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16 Saga-In Kunshi 嵯峨隠君子 / 嵯峨の隠君子 Saga no Inkunshi / 嵯峨天皇の隠君子
Mid-Heian period. He was the son of 醍醐天皇 Daigo Tenno
He entered priesthood as a child before becoming an adult and his hair grew white while he kept his childlike figure.


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. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .
Here the most important ones are introduced.
There are 僧侶 18 priests, 8 仙人 sennin (including 3 仏仙 like Kume Sennin).
The other 11 are humans.
聖徳太子 Shotoku Taishi and 役ノ行者 En no Gyoja have a special relationship to Buddhism.

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- reference source : toki.moo.jp/inaka-jo/05sennin... -

- reference source : nihonkogaku . com 日本古学 -

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Hotokegasen 仏ヶ仙(ほとけがせん)736 m
peak in the Hiruzen mountain range, Okayama 蒜山仏ヶ山


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. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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