2018-12-31

Welcome !

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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- - - - - Welcome to the Heian Period of Japan !

The Heian period  平安時代 Heian jidai 
794 to 1185.


CLICK for more colorful photos !

Read the introduction here:
- - - WIKIPEDIA - - -


This blog also covers the history and culture until the Heian period:

Legendary Emperors (660 BC - 269 AD)
Kofun Period (270-539)
Asuka Period (539–710)

. Nara Period (710 to 794)  奈良時代 .

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Mosts of the material is preliminarily collected on my facebook page.
. Join - Heian Period - on Facebook ! .


Details of the period will be introduced.
The many legends of this period, including legends and haiku about it, will be introduced in more detail.

This BLOG also collects legends, tales and folklore of Japan.

Gabi Greve

. ABC List of Contents - Heian Period .


A Gallery of the Darumapedia, Daruma Museum Japan.

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .


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- #heianperiod #legendsofjapan #heianjidai #folklore -
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2018-12-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, he oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


. Asuka Kiyomihara Palace 飛鳥 清見原 .

auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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2018-05-01

hebi snake serpent legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents
hebi 蛇 / へび / ヘビ snake - Schlange


In the traditional Kagura dance, the serpent is called Orochi 大蛇 .

. daija, orochi 大蛇 the huge serpent, great snake .

. Hebigami 蛇神 Snake Deity in Ise - Mie .

. mekura hebi メクラヘビ the blind snake from Sekigahara .

. nuibari and snake 縫針 sewing needle .


. shimenawa 注連縄 sacred rope and serpents .


- collecting -
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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


............................................................................... Nara 奈良県
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吉野郡 Yoshino district 下北山村 Shimo-Kitayama

hakuja (shirohebi) 白蛇 white serpent
At Eboshi no taki, エボシ滝 / えぼしの滝 the Eboshidaki waterfall in エボシ谷 the Eboshi valley once there hang a white serpent like a Shimenawa at the top of the waterfall.
To keep it alive, people are not allowed to make a fire near the tail part of the serpent.



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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
2374 蛇 (00)
956 ヘビ (00)
115 hakuja (shirohebi) 白蛇 white serpent (01)

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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- - - - - #hebisnake #daijaserpent #serpent #snake -
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2018-04-20

Ariakeyama Ariakesan Nagano

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
- - - for Hachimen Daio, see below
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. Ariakeyama 有明山 Ariakesan, Mount Ariake - Nagano 

Nobutaroo 信太郎 Nobutaro
Once Nobutaro went with a friend to 有明山 Mount Ariakeyama.
When they tried to jump over the Tenguiwa 天狗岩 Tengu boulder, their bodies became an enormous in size and they jumped over 馬羅尾谷 Baraodani valley and disappeared.
Nobutaro's father 久作 Kyusaku, who had lost his only son, went everywhere to look for him. He could not find him and had to work in the fields all alone from that time on.
He build a small sanctuary for Nobutaro, 信の宮 Nobu no Miya.


有明山 Mount Ariakeyama (2268m).
Ariakeyama is also called
Shino Fuji 信濃富士 Mount Fuji of the Shino region.

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- quote -
Ariake-yama (2268m)
Today, rather few people know Ariake-yama.
Of those who do, not many pay the mountain much regard. And, although the ridgeways between Yari-ga-take and Tsubakuro may be crowded enough to qualify as an Alpine “Ginza”, fewer still pay much attention to Ariake-yama even when they find it rearing up at them on their way to the foot of Tsubakuro. Rather, their eyes are drawn to the more imposing heights beyond. Ariake, it seems, has been consigned to the meizan of past ages.

In former times, though, people would direct their gaze not to those indistinct higher peaks but to the shapely mountain right in front of them, revering Ariake-yama as the Mt Fuji of Shinano Province. In an age when the Northern Alps were still “terra incognita”,
Ariake was celebrated by no less a poet than Monk Saigyō:

In Shinano on a day
It sent me awestruck on the way
To Hosono, the sight
Of mighty Ariake on the right


And then there are these lines by Monk Yūgyō:

By this moon’s kindly light
I will not lose the narrow
Road to Hosono, although
It leads me under Ariake’s height


- Ariake-yama seen from Otensho-dake; print by Yoshida Hiroshi -

According to an old chronicle, the mountain was opened in the second year of Daidō (807), when the great avatar Tohanachi Gongen was enshrined there at a place sacred to Ame-no-Uzume, where this goddess of dawn, mirth and revelry had manifested herself as a Buddha to save all living things. The mountain was once called Tohanachi-dake or “Door Away Peak”, in honour of the legend in which the sun goddess Amaterasu shut herself up in a cave and was coaxed out again when the goddess Ame-no-Uzume performed a comical dance. At which the god Tajikarawo-no-mikoto wrenched away the cave’s door and hurled it to earth at this very spot.

I came across this chronicle, the Record of Ariake’s Inauguration (Ariake Kaizan Ryakki), in Mr Kumahara Masao’s book on the dawn of Japanese mountaineering. By this account, the mountain mystic Yūkai, finding it lamentable that people had altogether given up climbing this sacred mountain, set out with his youngest brother in the sixth year of Kyōho (1721) together with fifteen or so villagers from the hamlet of Itadori at the mountain’s foot, and found his way over trackless slopes to the summit. There they stayed overnight and descended the next day.

The first path up the mountain was presumably opened on this occasion, as the chronicle says. And after a small shrine was installed on the summit, people came every summer, from far and wide, in droves to climb the mountain.

For evidence that this custom lasted into the Meiji period, we need look no further than Walter Weston, the mountaineering missionary and so-called Father of the Japan Alps, who climbed Ariake on August 14, 1912, in the first year of Taishō. Presumably he’d heard of Ariake’s reputation as a “meizan” of long standing. Most people associate Weston with Mountaineering and Exploration in the Japanese Alps (1896), and rather fewer are aware of his later book, The Playground of the Far East (1918), which also concerns itself mainly with the mountains of Japan. This is probably because there is no translation. It is in this later book that he describes his ascent of Ariake.
- - snip snip - -
And then it’s easy to understand how Ariake came by its title of Shinano-Fuji.
- source : onehundredmountains.blogspot.jp... -


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Azuma fushi 安曇節 song
「なにを思案の有明山に小首かしげて出たわらび」
- reference source : toki.moo 961 - - tba


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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

Nakatsuna koo 中綱湖 Lake Nakatsuna
Once upon a time, Mount Ariake and Lake Nakatsuna were fighting about which one was higher.
Then one day a pregnant woman came along and looked at mount Ariakeyama. She said laughingly: "Well Ariakeyama is not that high ... "
Since that time Mount Ariakeyama stoppe getting higher.


yakoo no tama 夜光の玉 a ball of light in the night
In the center of Mount Ariakeyama, there is a ball of light.
Because of this, the valley at its foot are never completely in the dark. They can never loose their way in a dark night.

.......................................................................


. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons of Japan .

- - - Hachimen Daioo 八面大王 "Great King with Eight Faces" - - -
魏石鬼 八面大王 (ぎしき はちめんだいおう) Gishiki Hachimen Daio is a legendary figure in Nagano.
Gishiki no Iwaya 魏石鬼の岩屋(ぎしきのいわや) Cave of the Gishiki Demon

At the foot om mount Ariakeyama there lived the farmer 弥左衛門 Yazaemon with his son 弥助 Yasuke.
The son has been abducted by a Demon named Hachimen Daio 八面大王. Yasuke grew up to be a fine young man. One day he helped a yamadori 山鳥 pheasant.
Three days later Yasuke med a beautiful young woman and married her. But Hachimen Daio became quite jealous and wild again.
When 坂上田村麻呂 Sakanoue no Tamuramaro came tho the Kannon Hall to pray, He had a vision telling him to use the feathers of a pheasant tail to make an arrow.
When Yaskue heard this, he begun to worry. But his wife, the incarnation of the pheasant, offered her tail feathers and then disappeared.
With this arrow, the evil Hachiman Daio could be shot down and driven away.
- Another version of this legend tells of Yazaemon being kidnapped by Hachimen Daio while he was looking for medicinal herbs in the forest. His wife had bo bring up Yasuke all by herself.

. Sakanoue no Tamuramaro 坂上田村麻呂 (758 - 811) .



- quote -
鬼神「おのれ田村麻呂、またお前か」(有明山魏石鬼)」
Once upon a time in the Heian period, there lived a demon named 魏石鬼 Gishiki at Mount Ariakeyama in Nagano.
He called himself 八面大王 the "Great King with Eight Faces".
He used all kinds of bad tricks and witchcraft and eventually the court in Kyoto send Sakanoue to drive him away.
- reference source : toki.moo.jp/merumaga/noinakami... -


八面大王足湯 Hachimen Daio Ashiyu - Hot spring and foot bath

(Azumino)


- quote -
Daio Wasabi Farm was opened in 1917
and is named after the ancient local hero, Hachimen Daio, whose spirit is also said to be the farm's protector.
- source : notesofnomads.com/daio-wasabi-farm -

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.......................................................................
明科町 Akashina

momiji onibito もみじ鬼人 Demon Momiji "red leaves.
Momiji Onibito was the wife of Hachimen Daio, but they quarreled all the time. Then came Tamuramaro and killed Hachimen Daio. He also tried to kill Momiji, and his third arrow hit her.
But later she she came back, all crying with pain.

monomi-iwa no oni 物見岩の鬼 the demon from Monomi Rock
The demon from Monomi Rock was very bad, stole things and tormented the farmers.
Tamuramaro killed him also.

.......................................................................
大町市 Omachi

Near the かや場 Kayaba reed field is a huge rock of about 1.5 m length.
Once uopn a time, when Hachimen Daio lived at Mount 矢沢山 Yazawayama a blacksmith brought his tools there to make weapons to fight this Oni, Hachimen Daio got angry and threw the rock in his way. They also say Tamuramaro used this rock to test his sword, so there is now a cut of about 30 cm in the rock.

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - Gishiki no Iwaya 魏石鬼窟 "Cave of the Gishiki Demon" - - -
古墳 Kofun Tumulus




This is a rock chamber where the demon Hachimen Daio is said to have hidden,
The ceiling of the chamber is one huge boulder.
Nearby are more boulders, the footsteps of Hachimen Daio 八面大王足跡岩

ドルメン式古墳
長野県安曇野市穂高有明宮城


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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .

. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 Tengu rocks and boulders .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2018-04-12

Tengu no Dairi Palace Emaki

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tengu no Dairi 天狗の内裏 The Palace of the Tengu
'The Palace of the Long-Nosed Goblins'


. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -

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This is a story about the young Minamoto no Yoshitsune, who is taken on a tour of the underworld by a Tengu from Mount Kurama.
Written in the Muromachi period.
This story exists in numerous lavish picture scrolls and woodblock-printed editions in libraries and museums around the world.

- quote -
Ushiwaka's "Visit to Supernatural Regions (Tengu no dairi)
In this story, Ushiwaka learns of the existence of a tengu palace deep in the mountains and by offering prayers to Bishamon succeeds in visiting it.
The Great Tengu welcomes him hospitably and offers to take him to see Yoshitomo (his father), who has been reborn in the Pure Land as a Buddha. Following a tour of the 136 Buddhist hells, the two finally reached the Pure Land.
Yoshitomo urges Ushiwaka to destroy the Heike and then predicts his future.
Back in the Tengu palace, Ushiwaka and the Great Tengu exchange pupil-teacher vows
and Ushiwaka returns to Kurama.
Yoshitsune: A Fifteenth-century Japanese Chronicle
- source : Helen Craig McCullough -
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Tengu no dairi emaki 天狗の内裏絵巻
picture scroll of the palace of the long-nosed goblins,

illustrated manuscript in 2 rolls, telling the story of the young Minamoto Yoshitsune
and of his visit to the court of Tengu.







Yoshitsune watches the Tengu fighting



- Yoshitsune And A Buddha
- source : akg-images.com/archive... British Library -


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. The Tengu Sōjōbō 僧正坊 from Mount Kurama .
and 源義経 Minamoto no Yoshitsune 




. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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Tengu zeni coins money

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tengu to zeni 天狗と銭 Legends about Tengu and coins

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .

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. zeni, kozeni 銭、小銭 coins of Edo .
kinsen 金銭 money
- Introduction -


saisenbako 賽銭箱 box for donations with a Tengu leaf
from Akibayama



. saisen 賽銭 money offerings at a Shrine .



. sentoo 銭湯 Sento, public bath .



Tengu Yu 天狗湯 Tengu Bath House


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天狗銭 Tengu-Sen Manga


source : mantra.kir.jp...


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............................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県 
.......................................................................
上浮穴郡 Kami-Ukena district 久万高原町 Kuma Kogen

There is a rock named nusutto ishi 盗っ人石 (盗人石 / 盗人岩) "thief's rock".
Once a thief stole the money offerings from the shrine at 石鎚山 Mount Ishizuchisan.
But he was caught by the Tengu from the mountain, who threw him high in the sky. The stone is where the thief landed.



. Mount Ichizuchiyama, Ishizuchisan 石鎚山 1982 m.





............................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県 
.......................................................................
常陸太田市 Hitachi Ota

天狗様 Tengu Sama,神様 Kami Sama
Once a man went to the local shrine and made a wish, but did not give any money offerings.
So the Tengu came after him and his house burned down.





............................................................................... Nagano 長野県 
.......................................................................
上田市 Ueda

Tarosan no Tengu 太郎山の天狗 Tengu from Mount Taro San
At the shrine 太郎山神社 Tarosan Jinja, during the annual festival, there was a farmer who took some of the money offerings home.
But when he reached his house, he found his rice storage house all empty. So he run back to the shrine and put the money in the offering box.


栃木県日光市の男体山にある神社. This Tarosan Jinja is in Nikko at Mount Nantaisan.





............................................................................... Okayama 岡山県 
.......................................................................
新見市 Niimi 哲西町 Tessei cho

kinsen 金銭 money
The local Tengu lives in the Tengu Matsu 天狗松 Tengu Pine.
If people have a wish for getting healed or are in need of money, they place a note on this tree.

. Tengu to matsu 天狗と松 Legends about the Tengu pine .





............................................................................... Tokyo 東京都 
.......................................................................
千代田区 Chioda ward

sentoo 銭湯 public bath
Around 1715, there lived a rich merchant in 江戸神田鍋町 Kanda Nabe Cho. One of his servants went out to the public bath on the 15th day of the New Year. But soon someone saw him coming out at the back door, in traveling robes. Investigating further, they found the man had been travelling since the 13th day of the 12th lunar month of the year before.
So someone, maybe the local Tengu, must have acted in his place.

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中央区 Chuo ward

sentoo 銭湯 public bath
A similar story as told in Chiyoda ward. The wandering servant even brought back presents from his trip.

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南多摩郡 Minami-Tama district 恩方村 Ongata mura

Once a man came walking down ヒナタ峰 Mount Hinata Mine when a coin with a hole came falling down from a pine tree. This mus be a trick of the Tengu, he thought.
He said out loud: "I will take this home and keep in venerated as a special amulet!", but he could not lift if from the ground.




............................................................................... Tottori 鳥取県 
.......................................................................
岩美郡 Iwami district

Once a man faced a financial problem near a place called Zenibatake ゼニバタケ / 銭畑 "Field of Zeni coins" in front of the Tengu-Iwa.
Suddenly a Tengu appeared and spread a lot of zeni out for him.



............................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県 
.......................................................................
大月市 Otsuki

At Mount サワオキ Sawaoki, where nobody lived, they found 中国銭 Chinese coins.
They say once upon a time a Tengu had lived here.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2018-04-10

Tengu Iwa boulder rock

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 / テングイワ / Tengu no Iwa 天狗の岩
Legends about Tengu boulders and rocks
Tenguishi, Tengu-Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Ishi, Tengu stone


. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .


..... the tengu-ishi (falling stones or pebbles), also have the character of a sudden event in the solitude of the mountains or forests.
The main point of the inauspicious activities of the medieval tengu may be described as anti-Buddhism.
- source : Asian Mythologies Yves Bonnefoy -

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............................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県 
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今治市 Imabara 大三島町 Omishima

. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu rock" .
and
Yokomakura no Iwa 横枕の岩





............................................................................... Fukui 福井県 
......................................................................
今立郡 Imadate district 池田町 Ikeda

When they were digging a canal for 月ヶ瀬用水 the Tsukigase Waterway, a Tengu came and disturbed them, throwing stones.
One of the workers went to Shikoku to pray at Konpira san and after that, the Tengu did not show up any more.
One of the rocks along the Waterway is called Tengu Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu Rock".

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遠敷郡 Onyu district 名田庄村 Natasho

. Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain and Tengu legends .





............................................................................... Fukushima 福島県 
......................................................................
南会津郡 Minami-Aizu district 大宮村 Omiya mura

Below the Tengu-Iwa there is a 天狗堂 Tengu Hall on the mountain road. There are a lot of tama-ishi 玉石 cobble stones. The villagers say they have been thrown from the opposite mountain by another Tengu during a fight.

南郷の天狗伝説 with photos
- reference source : minamiaizukankou/archives... -

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南郷村 Nango mura

Tengu ishi 天狗石 / O-Degu Sama オデグ様
O-Degu Sama (Tengu Sama) is a male deity. Once he played with a woman on the other side of the river, throwing pebbles at each other.
These are the Tengu Ishi. They sometimes fall down from the mountain even in our time.





............................................................................... Gunma 群馬県 

Tenguiwa Jinja 天狗岩神社 Shrine Tenguiwa



群馬県吾妻郡長野原町長野原打越 / Naganohara, Agatsuma District, Gunma
- HP of the shrine : plala.or.jp/tenguiwa... -

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前橋市 Maebashi


The Tenguiwa yoosui 天狗岩用水 Tenguiwa irrigation canal

is a name for two canals:
In 1604, 秋元長朝 Akimoto Nagatomo started the 越中堀 Etchubori canal .
In 1610, 伊那忠次 / 伊奈 忠次 Ina Tadatsugu (1550 – 1610) built the 代官堀 Daikanbori canal.



During the construction of the Etchubori, there was a huge boulder blocking the way. There came a Yamabushi mountain priest (a Tengu) and offered some prayers - now the boulder could be removed.
Thanks to the canals the Akimoto clan could extend its fields and agriculture land.
The greatfull farmers built a temple in honor of Akimoto, 光厳寺 Kogan-Ji and
erected a memorial stone, 力田遺愛碑 Ryokudeniai no hi.



Later in the Meiji period, the fifth hydroelectric power plant in Japan was built here.
- reference source : kanto/nouson/sekkei/kokuei... -

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多野郡 Tano district 上野村 Ueno

A hunter had been bewitched by a Tengu and made grappling with the root of a tree the whole night.
.
Mount Hotakayama 武尊山 is a place where the Tengu live and where the Shugendo priests have a training area.
There are sanctuaries for 大天狗、小天狗の祠 the Big and Small Tengu, a 天狗屋根 Tengu Yane and a Tengu-Iwa.
. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu rock" - Photo - .





............................................................................... Iwate 岩手県  
......................................................................
岩手町 Iwate city

If the Tengu comes to sit on the Tengu-Iwa and hit his drum, there will be fine weather in the coming year.

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東磐井郡 Higashi-Iwai district 大東村 Daito son 京津畑集落 Kyotsuhata


source snd photos : akarin-yama.at.webry.info...

On 天狗岩山 Mount Tenguiwayama (772 m)
there lived a Tengu. When the Tengu died, the mountain got its name.
On its top is a huge boulder. If it falls down one day, it will be back in its position the next morning.
The mountain is used as farmland up to about 720 m.

toraneko 虎猫 tabby
At a nunnery in Kyotsuhata there lived a tabby cat loved by all. The cat even got アンズキ飯 rice with auspicious red beans. When the cat died, they put some of this rice in the coffin and carried it to Mount Tenguiwa. The nuns begun to chant
虎や虎や、南無虎や、アンズキ飯の御徳や
Dear Tabby, Oh, Dear Tabby, It is all by virtue of the read beans rice.




............................................................................... Kagawa 香川県  
......................................................................
小豆郡 Shozu district

. Tengu no kamikakushi 天狗と神かくし kidnapped, abduction .





............................................................................... Kanagawa 神奈川県  

Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Stone
A child that had been missing for a while was heard crying on the mountain on the other side of the valley.
It must have been abducted by a Tengu. On the mountain near 舟原 Funabara there is a Tengu Ishi.





............................................................................... Kochi 高知県 
......................................................................
土佐山 Tosayama

Once upon a time, a man had gotten secret teachings from a Tengu and could perform various rituals and spells.
At a festival, he exchanged questions and answers with a Tengu for a long time, but the other villagers could not hear or see a thing. Later they named the spot Tengu-Iwa and came to celebrate there once a year.




............................................................................... Kyoto 京都府  
京丹波町 Kyo-Tanba

Once upon a very long time, the Tengu frequently came to take a rest on the Tenguiwa.




............................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県  
......................................................................
本吉郡 Motoyoshi district 南三陸町 Minamisanriku

Once upon a time, a Tengu had come all the way from 岩木山 Mount Iwakisan in Aomori, but by mistake he hurt his eye at the 杉 pine tree. The Tengu cut down the tree and placed a huge stone in its place, this is now the Tenguishi, Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengo stone.




............................................................................... Nagano 長野県 

Nobutaroo 信太郎 Nobutaro
Once Nobutaro went with a friend to 有明山 Mount Ariakeyama. When they tried to jump over the Tenguiwa, their bodies became an enormous in size and they jumped over 馬羅尾谷 Baraodani valley and disappeared.
Nobutaro's father 久作 Kyusaku, who had lost his only son, went everywhere to look for him. He could not find him and had to work in the fields all alone from that time on.
He build a small sanctuary for Nobutaro, 信の宮 Nobu no Miya.


有明山 Mount Ariakeyama (2268m).
Ariakeyama is also called Shino Fuji 信濃富士 Mount Fuji of the Shino region.

. Ariakeyama 有明山 Ariakesan, Mount Ariake .


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飯山市 Iiyama

On top of 高社山 Mount Koshasan (1,352 m) there is a 天狗岩 Tengu Iwa.

Tenguiwayama 天狗岩山 (1,070 m)

Locates in the Eastern part of the mountain range, this peak is seldom climbed by mountaineers.
There are a few waterfalls on the way up.
山頂にはかなり古い年代の自然石石碑と山頂標板があるだけで、 展望も西方が僅かに開けているだけです。地形図には山名がありませんが、滝ノ沢川の源頭と言うことから地元では呼んでいます。
地形図にもその名が記されている天狗岩山ですが、長野県に数多くある天狗(天狗山・天狗岳他)と名のつく山で、登山道がないのは この天狗岩山だけかも知れません。
- reference source : naganoken.jp/mount/hokushin/shiga-w/tenguiwa... -

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北佐久郡 Kita-Saku district 立科町 Tateshina

Many Tengu came together at the top of this boulder. On orders of the deity 立科明神 Tateshina Myojin to figure out the 善悪 good and evil in this world.

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Suwa, 上諏訪町 Kami-Suwa machi

Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Stone
In 大和 Yamato at Kami-Suwa there is a Tengu Stone. They say it looks just like a Tengu face, hence the name.
Others say once a Tengu had come down here to take a rest.





............................................................................... Okayama 岡山県 
......................................................................
鏡野町 Kagamino


source and more photos : geocities.jp/komaithi/b/ctenguiwa...
鏡野町上斎原天狗岩 Kagamino Kamisaibara 1,196 m high


source and more photos : sanjyuunin-kagaminotyou...

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苫田郡 Tomata district 富村 Tomison

Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 Tengu Iwa boulder
The Tengu from 大山 Mount Daisen sometimes comes here to rest his wings. In winter people can here a strange sound of flapping wings and there will be snow the next day.
There is also the phenomenon of
. Tengu-daoshi, Tengu daoshi 天狗倒し "Tengu knocking down trees" .





............................................................................... Saitama 埼玉県 
.......................................................................
奥秩父 Oku-Chichibu

. Tenguiwa, Tengu-Iwa 天狗岩 "Tengu boulder" .
and the Tengu from 倉尾村 Kurao and 小鹿野町 Ogano
There was a Tengu Boulder near the waterfall 七代の滝 Nanayo no Taki, where a Tengu lived. Once a priest from the nearby temple used it to pee.
If the visitors in his temple wanted to eat Tofu from Tokoy, the Tengu went off to fetch it in no time.

- - - - -

Kokushidake no Tengu-Iwa 国師岳の天狗岩 Tengu Rock, Tengu Boulder
Mount Kokushidake is 2591 m high.






............................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県 
......................................................................
伊香郡 Ina district 余呉町 Yogo

In a place called 平洞 Hedo in the middle of the mountain there is a matsu 松 pine tree, where the Tengu comes to rest.
There is also a Tengu-Iwa nearby.

. Tengu to matsu 天狗と松 Legends about the Tengu pine .




............................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県 
.......................................................................
榛原郡 Haibara district 本川根町 Honkawane



Tenguishiyama 天狗石山Mount Tenguishiyama 1,366 m
If there is fog on Mount Tenguishi, it is going to rain

- There are other mountains with this name in Japan.

.......................................................................
浜松市 Hamamatsu 三ケ日町 Mikkabi

There is a Tengu-Iwa where a Tengu lives and parents tell their children, if they do not behave, the Tengu will come and get them.
If you see the Tengu, put your zoori 草履 straw sandals on your head to hide!

. waraji - zoori 草鞋- 履 と伝説 Legends about straw sandals .

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庵原郡 Ihara 両河内村 Ryogochi

A man was making charcoal near the Tengu-Iwa. Suddenly he heard a loud noise, like flutes and drums for a festival. But he could not see anybody.
This was the doing of the local Tengu.




............................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県  
......................................................................
海部郡 Ama district 宍喰町 Shishikui

At the Tengu-Iwa there are imprints of the geta 下駄 wooden clogs of the Tengu and the hooves of his horse.
Once at New Year an old lady living nearby heard the sound of drums and festival bells and became so afraid, she shut all the doors and windows of her home.

. geta 下駄 ashida 足駄 Geta wooden clogs and legends .





............................................................................... Tokyo 東京都 

琴平神社の天狗岩 Kotohira Jinja, Tengu-Iwa



東京都あきる野市五日市 / Itsukaichi, Akiruno, Tokyo
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/ruribo0209... photos -




............................................................................... Tottori 鳥取県 
.......................................................................
岩美郡 Iwami district

Once a man faced a financial problem near a place called Zenibatake ゼニバタケ / 銭畑 "Field of Zeni coins" in front of the Tengu-Iwa.
Suddenly a Tengu appeared and spread a lot of zeni out for him.

. zeni, kozeni 銭、小銭 coins of Edo .

. Tengu to zeni 天狗と銭 Legends about Tengu and coins .




............................................................................... Yamagata 山形県 
.......................................................................

Tengu Ishi 天狗石 Tengu Stone

On the 10th day of the first lunar month, many Tengu gather at Mount Tengusumotoriyama to have a contest.
There is a mountain called 二ッ石山 Futatsuishiyama "Mountain with two stones", where once two 天狗石 Tengu-Ishi had been.



. Tengu sumootori yama 天狗角力取山 Tengusumotoriyama
Mountain where Tengu practise Sumo wrestling .


and

Mt. Tenguishi, Ogure, Kitahiroshima, Yamagata District, Hiroshima Prefecture





............................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県 
......................................................................
みなべ町 Manabe

In 名之内 Myonouchi there are two rocks called Tengu-Iwa. The Tengu come here to rest.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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