2022-01-24

Welcome !

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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- - - - - Welcome to the Heian Period of Japan !

The Heian period  平安時代 Heian jidai 
794 to 1185.


CLICK for more colorful photos !

Read the introduction here:
- - - WIKIPEDIA - - -


This blog also covers the history and culture until the Heian period:

Legendary Emperors (660 BC - 269 AD)
Kofun Period (270-539)
Asuka Period (539–710)

. Nara Period (710 to 794)  奈良時代 .

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Mosts of the material is preliminarily collected on my facebook page.
. Join - Heian Period - on Facebook ! .


Details of the period will be introduced.
The many legends of this period, including legends and haiku about it, will be introduced in more detail.

This BLOG also collects legends, tales and folklore of Japan.


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- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

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Gabi Greve

. ABC List of Contents - Heian Period .


A Gallery of the Darumapedia, Daruma Museum Japan.

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .


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- the latest additions
. groups.io/g/darumapediamemo .

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- #heianperiod #legendsofjapan #heianjidai #folklore -
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2021-11-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, the oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


. Legends and tales 伝説 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


. Asuka Kiyomihara Palace 飛鳥 清見原 .

auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

kinri 禁裏 / 禁中 / 御所 living quarters of the emperor
- kinri sama 禁裏様 Emperor

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. “Time in Medieval Japan” - symposium 2018 .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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2021-04-22

Hakuryu White Dragon Legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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hakuryuu 白竜 / 白龍と伝説 Legends about Hakuryu, a white dragon

. ryuu, ryū 龍 竜 伝説 Ryu - dragon legends .
- Introduction -

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Fukushima 福島県
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石川郡 Ishikawa district 平田村 Hirata village

. shirohebi / hakuja 白蛇と伝説 Legends about white serpents .
Once a child in 小平集落 the hamlet Kodaira killed a hakuja 白蛇 white serpent
in the garden of an official building.
Soon many members of her family became ill.
When they asked a priest about it, he told them that
the child had killed mamorigami 守り神 the protector deity of the building and was now cursed.
The deity is now venerated as hakuryuu gongen 白龍権現 Hakuryu Gongen, the White Dragon Deity.




......................................................................................... Iwate 岩手県
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The priest at 柳玄寺 the Temple Ryugen-Ji was still very young.
For a special reason he did a fasting ritual for 21 days.
On the last day Hakuryu 白龍 a White Dragon appeared in his dream
and promised to give him more spiritual power and let him have a ritual death.
The priest could now help many people.
When he felt his last days had come, he sat on his table for three months,
not moving, with hands folded in prayer.
On the last day, he ascended to heaven.

Ryuugenji 柳玄寺 Temple Ryugen-Ji
Shinmachi, Tōno, Iwate




......................................................................................... Kagawa 香川県
.......................................................................
高松市 Takamatsu city

. bonshoo 梵鐘 Bonsho Temple Bell Legends .
kane 鐘
頭に珍しい梵鐘をかぶっている白龍を退治しようと、ある豪勇の武士が立ち上がった。かろうじて白羽の矢で射殺し、龍の鐘を奪い取ると、それを寺に寄進した。えもいわれぬ妙音なのであるが、白龍の霊が宿るため、無念の涙として毎年夏には鐘から水滴が落ちてくる。後年、高松藩主がこの鐘を持去ったところ、鐘が「国分寺へ戻りたい」となったので、また戻したという。
. Kokubunji 国分寺 Kokubun-Ji Temple Legends .




......................................................................................... Niigata 新潟県
.......................................................................
hakuryuu daimyoojin 白龍大明神 - hebi no tatari 蛇の祟り ここにある榎の古木にはかつて白蛇がいたと言われており、小祠を置いて祀っている。このあたりではかつて蛇が多く、付近の人がたくさんの蛇を殺したため、その祟りで盲になるものが多かったために祀ったとも言われている。



......................................................................................... Shiga 佐賀県
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武雄市 Takeo city

hakuja 白蛇,ryuuko 龍子 / リュウコ
長崎の白龍山人と号する人物が、武雄駅の山の泉で白龍を見た図記がある。長さは1丈半(約5m)で全、鱗や角があい映り、全身が氷雪のように白く、ただ目だけは浅黒かったらしい。それでこの人は白龍と号を変えた。私も腸胃まで透けたような白蛇をみたことがある。




......................................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県
.......................................................................
河内郡 Kawachi district 上三川町 Kaminokawa town

hakuryuu 白竜
小学校からの帰りに白竜に追いかけられた。怖かった。


..............................................................................................................................................

- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2021-04-20

Seiryu Azure Dragon Legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

seiryuu 青龍と伝説 / 青竜 Legends about Seiryu, Azure Dragons

. ryuu, ryū 龍 竜 伝説 Ryu - dragon legends .
- Introduction -

. goshiki ryuujin 五色龍神 Dragon Gods of five colors .

. Shooryuuji 青龍寺 Shoryu-Ji .
Shikoku Henro Temple Nr. 36

. Seiryuuji 青龍寺 Seiryu-Ji .
東北三十六不動尊霊場 Pilgrimage to 36 Fudo Temples in Tohoku - Nr. 18 

. Temples named Seiryu-ji or Shoryu-Ji .
The Azure Dragon is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations.
It represents the east and the spring season.
Kukai Kobo Daishi visited the Seiryu-Ji in China.

.......................................................................

京都市東山区下河原通八坂鳥居前下ル3丁目南町411
. 青龍寺 Seiryu-Ji Kyoto . - tba

Seiryu-Ji Okayama, Niimi
Seiryu-Ji Tottori, Yazu
Temples named 青龍山 Seiryuzan - TBA

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


. Chishoo Daishi 智證大師 Chisho Daishi / Enchin 圓珍 . - (814 - 891)
After Priest 智証大師 Chisho Daishi came back from China, he turned into the South-West direction,
took a water ablution and folded his hands.
When his disciples asked him about the reason, he told them
"There is a fire at 青龍寺 the Temple Shoryu-Ji and I want to help to extinguish the fire."
. Shooryuuji 青龍寺 Shoryu-Ji - Kochi .


......................................................................................... Aichi 愛知県

A Zen-priest named 無因 Mu-In hit the corner of a rock with his staff many times.
The rock burst and water came flowing out. White clouds came up and
seiryuuu 青龍 an Azure dragon came out and moved to heaven.
This is the origin of the Temple name 青龍山瑞泉寺 Seiryuzan Zuisen-Ji.
愛知県犬山市瑞泉寺 - Zuisenji-7 Inuyama, Aichi




......................................................................................... Aomori 青森県
The same legend is told in 秋田県 Akita.

. 八太郎 Hachitaro and the Lord of 八郎潟 Hachirogata. .
The lord of 十和田湖 Lake Towadako was a large unagi 鰻 eel.
Once a Yamabushi 山伏 mountain priest fought with 八郎太郎 Hachirotaro and regained the land.
On the land he was venerated as Seiryu Gongen 青龍権現 Venerable Seiryu Azure Dragon.
Another version mentions a priest from 三戸郡科町龍現寺 Temple Ryugen-Ji in Sannohe.
The priest shape-shifted into a serpent and drove Hachirotaro away.
. unagi うなぎ / 鰻 と伝説 Legends about the eel .

.......................................................................

- quote -
Seiryū-ji (青龍寺)
is a Kōyasan Betsuin (affiliate temple) located in Aomori, Aomori Prefecture.
The temple was founded by a Great Acharya Ryuko Oda (織田隆弘),
who later built Shōwa Daibutsu (昭和大仏) in 1984.
Roughly 21.35 meters in height, it is the tallest seated bronze figure of Buddha in Japan.
Yamazaki 45-2 Kuwabara, Aomori City, Aomori Prefecture
- reference source : wikipedia -




......................................................................................... Gunma 群馬県
館林市 Tatebayashi city

青龍山 Seiryuzan 茂林寺 Temple Morin-Ji
bunbuku chagama 分福茶釜
いわゆる分福茶釜の話。青龍山茂林寺 では、四百年ほど前に、茶釜が狸 Tanuki に化けて(狸が茶釜に化けて?)小僧達大勢との活劇があった揚句、その釜は払い下げとなった。古物商の間を転々する間に、見世物興行をするものがいて、大いに当たった。この男が前世で善根をほどこしたためという。男は相当の資産もできたし、お釜様にも楽をさせてあげようとこの茶釜をもとの茂林寺に納めたという。
. Bunbuku Chagama 文福茶釜 / 分福茶釜, Lucky Tea Kettle Story .




......................................................................................... Ishikawa 石川県
七尾市 Nanao city

. ryuutoo 龍燈 / 龍灯 / 竜灯 と伝説 Legends about Ryuto, "Dragon Lantern" .
A Seiryu 青竜 Azure Dragon sometimes brought a light to the hands of the Kannon Statue.
Therefore the temple was named
龍燈山竜華樹院観自在寺 Temple Ryutozan, Ryugeju-In, Kanjizai-Ji.
This Kannon had come from the sea, riding on a deer.
It was also called Kashima Kannon 鹿島観音 Kannon from Kashima.
Kanjizai (観自在) is the name of Avalokitesvara (観音 Kannon Bosatsu) which is used in the Heart Sutra (般若心経 Hannya-Shingyo).




......................................................................................... Kagawa 香川県
高松市 Takamatsu city 川部町 Kawanabe town t

. The treasure of 長福寺 the Temple Chofuku-Ji .




......................................................................................... Kyoto 京都府

. nozuchi 野槌 / 槌の子 tsuchinoko ツチノコ Hammerspawn .
The priest of the temple 清滝不動院 Kiyotaki Fudo-In, 青龍住職 priest Seiryu,
had frequently chased something like a Tsuchinoko from the temple compound.
Even visitors had seen the creature. They all helped searching,
even along the deep slopes, but could not find it.




......................................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県
- quote -
Seiryuzan Zuigan-ji (青龍山 瑞巌寺, Seiryuzan Zuigan-Ji)
is a Rinzai Zen Buddhist temple in located in the town of Matsushima, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Belonging to the Myōshin-ji-branch of Rinzai Zen, it was founded in 828 during the Heian period by Jikaku Daishi.
91 Matsushima Chōnai, Matsushima-chō, Miyagi-gun, Miyagi-ken
- source : wikipedia -

. Jigaku Daishi Ennin 慈覚大師仁円 Legends .




......................................................................................... Osaka 大阪府
.......................................................................
大阪市 Osaka city 天王寺区 Tennoji ward

seiryuu ike 青竜池
四天王寺の金堂下に青竜池があり、昔は荒陵池という広大な池で、青竜が棲んでいたが、伽藍建立の時に埋め、青竜を鎮め祀って、僅かに池を残した。これが亀井の水の源となっていて、清水が常に湧き出る。




......................................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県
大津市 Otsu city 坂本本町 Sakamoto Honmachi

. Chishoo Daishi 智證大師 Chisho Daishi / Enchin 圓珍 . - (814 - 891)
智証大師は入唐して青龍寺に住んだ。帰朝ののち、比叡山の座主のときに、弟子に香水を取らせて散杖で西の空に三度灑がせた。弟子が問うと、青龍寺が火事で、金堂の戸に火がついたのでそれを消した、という。翌年の秋唐の人が来て、「昨年4月に青龍寺の金堂に火がついたが日本から雨風がきて火を消した」という書状をもってきた。弟子は合点した。

chishoo 智証 wisdom
智証大師が比叡山の千光院に住んでいるときに、弟子の僧を呼んで持仏堂の香水を持って来い」という。弟子が香水を持ってくると、和尚は散杖で西に向かって2、3度灑いだ。弟子が問うと、「宋の青龍寺の金堂の妻に火が付いたので消すために香水を灑いだ」と答えた。次の年に宋の商人が来て「去年青龍寺の金堂の妻に火が付いたが丑寅の方角から大雨が降って火を消した」という。弟子は驚き尊んだ。


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2021-04-18

taika big fire legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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taika 大火と伝説 Legends about big fires


. 江戸の大火 Edo no Taika "The Great Fires of Edo" .

. hibuse 火防と伝説 / 火伏せ Legends about fire prevention .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

天狗 Tengu causing fire
The towers of the temple 東寺 To-Ji and 法勝寺 Hossho-Jiin Kyoto were lost through fire, which was an act of a Tengu.
Other great fires in Kyoto, Osaka and Edo, which started as small fires and then became large rapidly were also the doing of a Tengu.


......................................................................................... Kyoto 京都府
.......................................................................

taika no zencho 大火の前兆 a foreboding of great fire
One year before 天明の大火 the great fire of Tenmei (1788, March 3), more than 1000 people people of 畿内近国 Kinai Kingoku (Kinki) walked every day around the four corners of Kinri 禁裏 the Imperial Palace.
This was an omen of the coming great fire.




......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
清内路村 Seinaiji village

tatari 祟り the curse of a great fire
The lord of 飯田城 Iidajo Castle captured お建 O-Ken and carried out the death penalty at 愛宿下 Atagoshita.
Because of her curse, there was a great fire in the castle.
The shrine in her honor お建の社 and the trees in the forest also suffered great damage and people feared her curse.


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
74 大火 to explore

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. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2021-04-16

hebi snake serpent legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents
hebi 蛇 / 蛇 / へび / ヘビ snake - Schlange


In the traditional Kagura dance, the serpent is called Orochi 大蛇 .

. daija, orochi 大蛇 the huge serpent, great snake .

. dokuhebi 毒蛇と伝説 poisonous snakes and serpents .

. Hebigami, Jashin 蛇神 Snake Deity .

. Jao 蛇王 / Hebio Sama ヘビオウサマ Serpent king .

. Suwa Jinja 諏訪神社 Suwa Shrine .
The messenger of the Deity is a serpent.
. ike no nushi 池の主 the Master of the Pond .

. mekura hebi メクラヘビ the blind snake from Sekigahara .

. mizuchi, medochi 蛟 water Yokai like a serpent . 大虬, 蛟龍, 美都知

. nuibari and snake 縫針 sewing needle .


. Benten to hebi 弁天と蛇伝説 Legends about Benten and serpents .

. shimenawa 注連縄 sacred rope and serpents .

. shirohebi / hakuja 白蛇と伝説 Legends about white serpents .


- collecting -
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. Raijin 雷神と伝説 Legends about the God of Thunder .

The serpent and thunder (lightning) are the same.
Once in a village in Ibaraki 努賀媛(ねがひめ) Princess Nugahime became intimate with a God and gave birth to 小蛇 a small serpent.
When the serpent ascended to heaven, she tried to kill her father (震殺 furi-korosu) with a shock of lightning, but did not succeed.
- source : 雷神研究 / 郷土趣味




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Is someone points with a finger to a snake or bat, this finger will rot.
One has to put spittle on it and insert the finger into the obi 帯 belt to be cured.


- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


............................................................................... Aichi 愛知県
.......................................................................

. aodaishoo, ao daishoo 青大将 Japanese rat snake .
eating ants to protect swallows


. hebi 蛇 a serpent turned woman .
at 扶桑村 Fuso village




............................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県
.......................................................................
四国中央市 Shikoku Chuo City 富郷町 Tomisato town

tonbyoo gami トンビョウ神 Tonbyo no Kami / トンボ神 Tonbogami / トボ神 Tobogami
トンビョウサン tonbyoo san or トンベ神 Tonbegami are other names for serpents. Some have the power to possess humans.
They are small serpents of about 30 cm. They like to possess humans with resentments for others.




............................................................................... Fukui 福井県
.......................................................................
福井市 Fukui city

. katame no hebi 片目の蛇 snake with one eye .
and a hitobashira 人柱 "human pillar" sacrifice

.......................................................................
今立郡 Imadate district 池田町 Ikeda town

. amagoi 雨乞い a rain ritual with surume スルメ squid .




............................................................................... Fukushima 福島県
.......................................................................
Fukushima 南会津郡 Minami-Aizu district 檜枝岐村 Hinoemata village

. 鎮守様 the Chinju Sama guardian deity .

.......................................................................
Fukushima 南相馬市 Minami-Soma city

. 八沢の蛇塚 a stone mound for the serpent in Yasawa .




............................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県
.......................................................................
揖斐川町 Ibigawa town

. ao daishoo 青大将 at 諏訪神社 Suwa Jinja .

. ohaguro お歯黒 / 御歯黒 black teeth serpent .




............................................................................... Gunma 群馬県

. Serpents in 榛名湖 Lake Harunako .




............................................................................... Kyoto 京都府 
.......................................................................
北区 Kita ward

. Arigaike 蟻が池 / 蟻ケ池 "the Ant Pond" .

.......................................................................
木津川市 Kizugawa city 山城町 Yamashiro town

. Kanimanji 蟹満寺 Kaniman-Ji, Kyoto "Crab Temple" .




............................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県
.......................................................................
仙台市 Sendai city 青葉区 Aoba ward

. jatai banzan 蛇体番山 (ジャタイバンザン) straw serpent from Mount Banzan .




............................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
十日町市 Tokamachi city 松之山町 Matsunoyama town

. Two Snake Legends .



............................................................................... Nara 奈良県
.......................................................................
吉野郡 Yoshino district 下北山村 Shimo-Kitayama

hakuja (shirohebi) 白蛇 white serpent
At Eboshi no taki, エボシ滝 / えぼしの滝 the Eboshidaki waterfall in エボシ谷 the Eboshi valley once there hang a white serpent like a Shimenawa at the top of the waterfall.
To keep it alive, people are not allowed to make a fire near the tail part of the serpent.

.......................................................................
吉野郡 Yoshino district 十津川村 下北山村 野近川村 川上村 Totsukawa region ..

. nodohikari ノドヒカリ / 咽喉光り/ 蛇 "shining throat", serpent .




............................................................................... Niigata 新潟県
.......................................................................
西頚城郡 Nishi-Kubiki district 能生町 Noo machi

. 天狗山 Mount Tenguyama deity is a serpent .




............................................................................... Osaka 大阪府
.......................................................................
岸和田市 Kishiwada city

. shooja 小蛇 small serpent at 竜宮 the Dragon Palace .

.......................................................................
Osaka 吹田市 Sugita city

. Serpent and the Chinoike 血の池 Blood Pond .




............................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県
.......................................................................
庵原郡 Ihara district 両河内村 Ryogochi mura village

. Serpent and inoshishi 猪 wild boar .




............................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県
.......................................................................
三好郡 Miyoshi district

. Serpent as messenger of Yamanokami 山の神 is hikagiri ヒカギリ Hikagiri .
a small serpent with a ring around its neck.




............................................................................... Tokyo 東京都

. Chuo Ward 中央区 - snake becomes a belt .

. Itabashi 板橋 ward and snake legends .

. Kanda Aisomegawa 神田藍染川 wara ningyoo 藁人形 straw dolls for curses .

. Negishi 根岸 and snake legends .

. Shinagawa 撫で白蛇 white serpent to rub for making a wish .

. Shinjuku 新宿区 - 円照寺 Ensho-Ji / 宝仙寺 Hosen-Ji Nakano .

. Sumida 墨田区 - 両頭蛇 serpent with two heads .

.......................................................................
Tokyo, 新島村 Niijima island

. Shipwrecked in Niijima Island .




............................................................................... Toyama 富山県
.......................................................................
高岡市 Takaoka city

. Harumi matsuri 晴見祭り Harumi festival .
with four snakes, on 卯月中の巳の日 in the fourth lunar month on mi no hi 巳の日 the day of the snake



............................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県

. Snake legends .
from Arida district 有田郡 and Hidaka district 日高郡



............................................................................... Yamagata 山形県
.......................................................................
南陽市 Nanyo City

. a monk playing the biwa 琵琶 lute for a serpent .




............................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県
.......................................................................
南巨摩郡 Minami-Koma district 南部町 Nanbu town

. Suwa Jinja no Kami 諏訪神社の神 The Deity of Suwa Shrine - a white serpent .

..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
2374 蛇 collecting
956 ヘビ (00)
8 霊蛇 reija (01) 19 青大将 aodaisho Japanese rat snake (02) 50 小蛇 small serpent (01)
12 巳の日 (01)
12 蛇塚 hebizuka (01)

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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- - - - - #hebisnake #daijaserpent #serpent #snake #dokuhebi #schlange #giftschlange #poisonsnake #tonbyo #tobyo #aodaisho #hebigami-
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2021-04-14

sanjuusan legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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sanjuusan 三十三と伝説 Legends about things with 33

. Sanjusan Gendo 三十三間堂 Temple Hall in Kyoto. .

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Aichi 愛知県
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豊田市 Toyota city

rei 霊 a spirit
3年前、四国八十八カ所巡りの第三十三番目で、先達に乗り移って「家に連れて帰ってくれ」という霊がいた。以前、川下の人が三十三カ所めの山で迷い、死んでしまい、案内者がいなかったので極楽へいけなかったのだという。
高福山 幸福院 雪蹊寺 Sekkei-Ji - 四国八十八ヶ所霊場会
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Sekkei-ji is Temple 33 on the Shikoku pilgrimage, or Henro. The temple was favoured by the Chosokabe clan under Chosokabe Motochika who unified all of Shikoku. He made Sekkei-ji his ancestral temple, and his son’s ashes were buried here. The grave of Motochika is about twenty minutes on foot to the east. - source : shikokutours.com/attractions ... -




......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県
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sanjuusann nen jichuu de ikita hito 三十三年地中で生きた人 a person living 33 years under the earth
信州浅間ヶ嶽辺で百姓が井戸を掘っていると、2丈余り掘っても水が出ず、なぜか瓦が出てきた。奇妙に思い更に深く掘ると土蔵の屋根を掘り当て、中に5、60才の人間が2人いた。彼らは33年前の山崩れで閉じ込められ、他の4人は死んだが、彼らは中にあった米や酒で生き延びたという話だ。


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
16 to explore

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. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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- #sanjuusan #33 #thirtythree -
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