2021-06-08

Welcome !

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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- - - - - Welcome to the Heian Period of Japan !

The Heian period  平安時代 Heian jidai 
794 to 1185.


CLICK for more colorful photos !

Read the introduction here:
- - - WIKIPEDIA - - -


This blog also covers the history and culture until the Heian period:

Legendary Emperors (660 BC - 269 AD)
Kofun Period (270-539)
Asuka Period (539–710)

. Nara Period (710 to 794)  奈良時代 .

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Mosts of the material is preliminarily collected on my facebook page.
. Join - Heian Period - on Facebook ! .


Details of the period will be introduced.
The many legends of this period, including legends and haiku about it, will be introduced in more detail.

This BLOG also collects legends, tales and folklore of Japan.


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- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XXX -

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Gabi Greve

. ABC List of Contents - Heian Period .


A Gallery of the Darumapedia, Daruma Museum Japan.

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .


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- the latest additions
. groups.io/g/darumapediamemo .

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- #heianperiod #legendsofjapan #heianjidai #folklore -
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2021-03-14

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, the oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


. Legends and tales 伝説 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


. Asuka Kiyomihara Palace 飛鳥 清見原 .

auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

kinri 禁裏 / 禁中 / 御所 living quarters of the emperor
- kinri sama 禁裏様 Emperor

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. “Time in Medieval Japan” - symposium 2018 .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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2020-04-04

furudanuki old Tanuki legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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furudanuki, kori 古狸と伝説 Legends about an old monster Tanuki
bakedanuki 化け狸 // yoori 妖狸 yoori / kairi 怪狸


source : ohmynobu.net/nol..

. tanuki 狸 - mujina 狢 - racoon dog, badger legends .
- Introduction -


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Aichi 愛知県
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北設楽郡 Kita-Shitara district 設楽町 Shitara town

The trees from a special mountain sold very well. But then strange things happened and the lumberjacks did not work there for long.
Even now, late at night, when the lumberjacks sleep in the small mountain hut, a beautiful young woman appears.
One night a lumberjack took courage and slashed the face of the woman and all could see it was just an old badger.




......................................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県
.......................................................................
神戸市 Kobe city

. terakoya 寺子屋 temple school .
Around 1868, at the terakoya 寺子屋 temple school from 常源寺 Temple there appeared furudanuki 古狸 an old tanuki badger.
Some brave boys drove it out with a stick but
there was now always a voice of someone reciting homework coming from under the floor.




......................................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県
.......................................................................
行方市 Namegata city 百里 Hyakuri hamlet

. furudanuki 古狸 old Tanuki from Hyakuri Kaido 百里街道 .




......................................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県
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. Furudanuki 古狸 carrying a 塔婆 Sotoba grave marker .




......................................................................................... Osaka 大阪府
.......................................................................
大阪市 Osaka city

. Furudanuki or Taka nyūdō 高入道 Takanyudo Monster .
It was especially "popular" in the back of the 北御堂 Kitamido Hall.




......................................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県
.......................................................................
田方郡 Tagata district 函南町 Kannami town

. Furudanuki and a sotoba 卒塔婆 grave marker .




......................................................................................... Tokushima
.......................................................................
佐古町 Sako town

. . Shinpachi Tanuki 新八狸 Tanuki Shinpachi / 庚申新八狸 Koshin Shinpachi .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
64 古狸 to collect
01 化け狸 //
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. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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2020-04-03

bokon dead soul legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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bookon 亡魂と伝説 Legends about a dead soul, departed soul spirit


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Iwate 岩手県
.......................................................................
奥州市 Oshu city 衣川区 Koromogawa ward

takadate mokke 高館物怪 dance
高館で死んだ源義経主従の亡霊が夜毎に現れ、暴れまわった。中尊寺 Temple Chuson-Ji の僧による祈念でも鎮められなかったが、いずこともなく現れた猿が亡魂に混じって阿修羅節を踊ったところ、亡魂もそれにつられて踊り、猫間ヶ淵へと姿を消し、二度と現れなかった。
. Hiraizumi 尊寺 Temple Chuson-Ji .




......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................


bookon 亡魂 dead soul
ある夜村人が数人で語らっていると窓の外で泣き声がする。見ると裸の男が2人立っている。念仏を唱えると消えた。2人は屠者であり、身の穢れの為血脈を受けてない亡魂であった。閑唱上人
Saint Kansho が穢多村に行き血脈を授けると、夢に現れ苦難を逃れたと礼を述べた
. 閑唱上人 Saint Kansho Shonin .


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
65 亡魂 to explore

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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2020-04-02

tsue walking staff legends

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tsue 杖と伝説 Legends about a walking staff, Wanderstab


. Kuuya Shoonin 空也上人 Saint Kuya (903-72) .
with his walking stick of deer horn.
. kasezue 鹿杖 "walking stick of deer horn" .
shika no tsue 鹿の杖 / at 百済寺 Hyakusai-Ji

. Matsuo Basho and his tsue 杖 walking stick .

. Kōbō Daishi Kūkai 弘法大師 空海 and his walking staff . .


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Gunma 群馬県
.......................................................................
館林市 Tatebayashi city

ryuujin 龍神 Dragon Deity
幡隨意上人 Saint Banzuii が説教していると、17、8歳らしい婦人が来て「私は城沼に棲む龍神の妻です。上人の高徳で済度させて下さい」という。上人が本体を現せと言うと、たちまち長さ20尋の龍となる。上人が杖でその額を撫でると婦人の姿に戻った。婦人は寺を守護すると言って井戸に入り、井戸は封じられた。




......................................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県
.......................................................................
伊丹町 Itami town

. sakasadake 逆竹 Sakasa-Dake, "weeping bamboo" walking staff .




......................................................................................... Nara 奈良県
.......................................................................

. saba no ki 鯖の木 the mackerel tree and walking staff .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
more than 300 to collect

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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kechimyaku lineage legends

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kechimyaku 血脈と伝説 Legends about blood lineage

- quote -
Kechimyaku (血脈) is a Japanese term for a lineage chart
Zen Buddhism and some other Japanese schools, documenting the "bloodline" of succession of various masters or listing priests in a particular school. In Zen the kechimyaku theoretically links a student to all previous generations back to the Buddha himself. In the Sōtō school of medieval Japan it became commonplace for the kechimyaku to be administered to lay students for such rituals as the jukai ceremony. Traditionally this document is administered at the time of Dharma transmission in Soto Zen, during a shiho ceremony. In the Jodo Shinshu sect the kechimyaku is meant to demonstrate "spiritual descent", and not a blood heritage. - - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Kechimyaku are often thrown into a river during rain rituals.
. amagoi 雨乞いと伝説 Legends about rain rituals / Regenzauber .

. ryuujin 竜神 /龍神 と伝説 Ryujin, Legends about the Dragon Deity .

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Aichi 愛知県
.......................................................................
Aichi 豊橋市 Toyohashi city 新吉町 Shinyoshi town

. ryuujin 竜神 /龍神 と伝説 Ryujin, Legends about the Dragon Deity .
During amagoi 雨乞い a rain ritual at the temple 龍拈寺(竜拈寺) the Temple Ryunen-Ji, after the priests had finished their riutals, they went to a coastal area named 竜江 Ryuko and threw thir kesa 袈裟 robes into the sea while chanting Sutras.
Then they threw the kechimyaku 血脈 lineage charts for ryuujin 竜神 the Dragon Deity into the water.
After that there was always a rainfall.

.......................................................................
Aichi 豊橋市 Toyohashi city 東郷町 Togo town


. daija, orochi 大蛇 a huge serpent, great snake .
Once a beautiful woman came to the priest of the temple 全久院 Zenkyu-In and wanted to obtain kechimyaku 血脈 a blood lineage chart.
As a gift she left some uroko 鱗 fish scales.
When the priest saw her leaving, he realized that it had been a daija 大蛇 huge serpent.
For the next amagoi 雨乞い rain ritual he used a big tub, placed the fish scales into it, placed some Kechimyaku in it and washed it all into the 海倉淵 Umikurabuchi to produce rain in the evening.




......................................................................................... Fukui 福井県
.......................................................................
若狭町 Wakasa city

. ryuujo 竜女と伝説 / 龍女 Ryujo- Legends about female dragons .
A female dragon which had been the wife of a local lord in an earlier life received a Kechimyaku and went to rest in a local river.

.......................................................................
Fukui 吉田郡 Yoshida district 永平寺町 Eiheiji town

okichi オキチ the woman O-Kichi
Tere is a pond called 血脈池 Kechimyakuike or オキチが池 Okichi-ga-Ike.
A woman once commited suicide by throwing herself into the pond and then became the master of the pond.
Zen Priest Dogen 道元禅師 from the temple Eihei-Ji threw some Kechimyaku into the pond and held a ritual for her, so she could go to the Buddhist paradise.
. Dogen Zenji 道元禅師 (1200 – 1253).





......................................................................................... Gunma 群馬県
多野郡 Tano district 神流町 Kanna town

. daija, orochi 大蛇 a huge serpent, great snake .
In 池の薬師 the Yakushi Pond there lived a couple of huge serpents.
The male got killed by a gunshot.
The female shape-shifted into a woman and went to the temple to hear more from the priest.
She received a kechimaku 血脈 lineage chart and disappeared.
When the priest goes to the Yakushi Pond to pray for rain, it will surely rain very soon.




......................................................................................... Hokkaido 北海道
松前町 Matsumae town

. kechimyakuzakura sakura 血脈桜 blood-line cherry tree .




......................................................................................... Iwate 岩手県
花巻市 Hanamaki city

. Hebigami 蛇神と伝説 Legends about the Snake Deity .
A serpent shape-shifted into an old man and asked a priest for a teaching to go to the Buddhist paradise.
The priest went to the pond where the serpent lived and threw a kechimyaku 血脈 lineage chart into it.
To show its gratitude, the Hebigami made a well with good water in the compound and gave the priest a robe thet he would never loose.




......................................................................................... Kyoto 京都府
.......................................................................
京都市 Kyoto city

netami 嫉み jealousy
The stepmother of the child from 楽人 Rakujin died with the wish that her daughter would inherit the family wealth.
Soon the child of Rakujin died too, saying the stepmother had come.
Three days later the wife became very ill.
She got a kechimyaku 血脈 lineage chart and placed it on the gravew of the stepmother.
Soon after she got well.




......................................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県
.......................................................................
仙台市 Sendai city 泉区 Izumi ward

A priest became involved with a married woman and to attone for their sin they turned into serpents and lived in a nearby pond.
Around 1400, the two serpents appeared before 梅国和尚 the priest Baikoku and asked him to help them get to the Buddhist paradise.
He gave them a kechimyaku 血脈 lineage chart and a posthumous Buddhist name.
The two serpents thanked the priest and left for ever.




......................................................................................... Niigata 新潟県


tsue 杖
永禄年間、栃尾の常安寺 Joan-Ji の門察和尚のもとに血脈を乞いに来た老翁が杖で穿つと清水が湧き出した。その杖は成長し、埋めになり、神木とされた。
. tsue 杖 stick, walking stick - Wanderstab .

.......................................................................
中頚城郡 Nakakubiki 吉川町 Yokawa

. kechimyaku used for amagoi rain rituals .

hebi 蛇
岩屋の池(小海の池)には蛇がいる。真言僧を連れて行って不動経をあげて雨乞いをする。僧がお血脈をヨシの先に挟んで池に投げ入れると、蛇が受け止めてクルクルと回って沈んでいく。この池の鯉は網に入れられないという。
. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .




......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................

bookon 亡魂 dead soul
ある夜村人が数人で語らっていると窓の外で泣き声がする。見ると裸の男が2人立っている。念仏を唱えると消えた。2人は屠者であり、身の穢れの為血脈を受けてない亡魂であった。閑唱上人 Saint Kansho が穢多村に行き血脈を授けると、夢に現れ苦難を逃れたと礼を述べた
. 閑唱上人 Saint Kansho Shonin .
. bookon 亡魂と伝説 Bokon Legends about a dead soul .




......................................................................................... Saitama 埼玉県
.......................................................................
秩父郡 Chichibu district

. Amagoi at 竜泉寺 the temple Ryusen-Ji .




......................................................................................... Shimane 島根県
.......................................................................
益田市 Masuda city


. ryuujin 竜神 /龍神 と伝説 Ryujin, Legends about the Dragon Deity .
The priest from temple 医光寺 Iko-Ji performed rain rituals by calling for the Dragon Deity to come.
If this does not help, the priest from temple 妙義寺 Myogi-Ji wears a scarlet robe and throws some Kechimyaku into the pond where the Dragon lives.
妙義寺 Myogi-Ji - 1-40 Nanaocho, Masuda, Shimane




......................................................................................... Toyama 富山県
.......................................................................
高岡市 Takaoka city, Umezawa


ryuujo 竜女 famale dragon
真興寺 Shinko-Ji に美女が毎朝参拝していた。住職が問うと、実は裏の池に住む竜女で、血脈を授けてほしいのだという。住職はその願いを聞き、竜女に戒名を授け読経した。竜女はお礼に竜梅水という清水をくれたという。



......................................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県
.......................................................................
美祢市 Mine city 秋芳町 Shuho town
ryuujin 竜神 Dragon Deity
秋吉台の鍾乳洞で雨乞いをする時、僧が祈祷して竜神に血脈を授ける。血脈が水底に沈むと雨が降ると言われている。


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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ryugaike dragon pond legends

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ryuu ga ike, ryuu-ga-ike 竜が池 / 竜ヶ池 / 龍が池 / 龍ヶ池
Ryugaike, Tatsugaike "Dragon Pond" legends


Ryugakubo no Ike 龍ヶ窪の池 Niigata

.......................................................................

Ryuoike 竜王池 Dragon King Pond Kochi (高知県安芸)

.......................................................................

彫刻の竜が池の水を飲んだ。
There are more legends about a dragon painting or statue, where the dragon takes off to drink at the nearby pond.

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県
.......................................................................
八幡浜市 Yawatahama city 大島 Oshima // 竜王池

The master of the Dragon King Pond is said to be a beautiful woman, who had come from 五反田 Gotanda to live here.
To performe rain rituals, the priest from Gotanda comes to the embankment to pray and then throws his priest's stole into the sea.
He can do this only once. If villagers ask to do it again, the priest will die.




......................................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県
.......................................................................
多治見市 Tajimi city

. At the foot of 高社山 Mount Koshasan .




......................................................................................... Mie 三重県
.......................................................................
鈴鹿市 Suzuka city and 小岐須町 Ogisu town

. お竜 O-Ryu, a girl as offering to the Gods .




......................................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県
.......................................................................
松浦市 Matsuura city // 龍が池

In the Dragon Pond there once lived daija 大蛇 a lage serpent which had come from 黒髪山 Mount Kurokami.
To drive the serpent out, Tametomo shot an arrow into the sky and observed that it fell down at the kimon 鬼門 "demon gate" Northern side of the pond at the village 古野村 Konomura.
This place became a bamboo grove and exists to our day.
. 源為朝 Minamoto no Tametomo (1139 – 1170) .
. daija, orochi 大蛇 the huge serpent, great snake .




......................................................................................... Okayama 岡山県
.......................................................................
大佐町 Osa town // 竜王池

. ryuujin 竜神 /龍神 と伝説 Ryujin, Legends about the Dragon Deity .
More than half way up 大佐山 Mount Osa san there is 竜王池 a Dragon King Pond where ryuujin 龍神 a Dragon King lives.
Sometimes people see 白蛇 a white serpent swimming in the lake.
When the pond has dried out, the dragon king moved to 赤松の池に the Akamatsu Pond at the foot of the mountain.
At 大佐神社 the Shrine Osa Jinja the dragon king (large serpent) is venerated.
. hakuja (shirohebi) 白蛇 white serpent .




......................................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県
.......................................................................
Suzuka city

. ryuu-ga-ike 竜が池 "O-Ryu's pond". typhoon .


..............................................................................................................................................

- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
竜ヶ池 // 龍ヶ池 // 龍が池 // 竜王池 // 竜が池

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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- #ryugaike #dragonpond #tatsugaike -
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2020-04-01

ryukotsu dragon bone legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. ryuu, ryū 龍 竜 伝説 Ryu - dragon legends .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

ryuukotsu 竜骨と伝説 Ryukotsu, Legends about dragon bones


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県
.......................................................................
揖斐郡 Ibigawa district 揖斐川町 Ibigawa town

Rokusho Jinja 六所神社の竜骨を、ある旱年に持ち出したら、言い伝え通り大雨になり、ついに洪水になったので、以後封印してしまいこんであるという。



......................................................................................... Gunma 群馬県
.......................................................................
前橋市 Maebashi city 富士見町 Fujimi town 赤城山 Akagiyama

. Shrine 赤城神社 Akagi Jinja .
At the top of Mount Akagisan is a temple named 常光寺 Joko-Ji. Its special treasure are the bones of a dragon.
Using pure water from Akagi Shrine and adding a few splinters of these bones will make rain fall.




......................................................................................... Kanagawa 神奈川県
.......................................................................
藤沢市 Fujizawa city 大庭 Oba

Sōken-in 蟠龍山 Banryuzan (coiled Dragon) 宗賢院 Temple Soken-In
宗賢院の竜骨堂に祀られている竜骨は、明治の初年に寄進されたものである。旱魃の時にこの竜骨を小川に持ち出して水を注ぐと雨が降ると伝えられている。また、単に撫でるだけでも雨が降るという。
慶安3(1649)年三代将軍家光のとき、寺領10石の御朱印を賜り、17箇寺の末寺があった大寺院の面影があるお寺。本堂前の竜骨堂に祀ってある竜骨は明治の初年頃に寄進されたもので、雨乞いの霊験あらたかであることで有名で、旱魃の時にこれを小川に持ち出し水を注ぐと、雨が降るという伝説があるそうだ。(2012/7/22)
- reference source :onsen.onsenzuki.iinaa.net,,, -




......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
上田市 Ueda city 前山 Maeyama

寺の住職の許に毎夜美女が通ってきた。ある夜、女の裾に針をつけ、翌朝糸をたどって行くと、岩穴の中で大蛇が子を生んでおり、大蛇は針の毒で死んでいた。大蛇の骨は洪水で流され、下流に散らばり蛇骨石になった。生まれた子は成長して小泉小太郎になった。



......................................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県
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大津市 Otsu city

ある農夫が地を耕していた時に竜骨を得た。この骨の色は皆赤土や鉄さびのようである。領主は祠をその地に建て、「伏竜」と名付け、その村の市兵衛に「竜」という氏を与え、「奥谷」という地名を「竜谷」に改めた。



......................................................................................... Tokyo 東京都
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三宅島 Miyake island 三宅村 Miyake village

. Ryukotsu 竜骨 have been used as medicine, but .
they were from akuryuu 悪竜 Akuryu, a malicious dragon.

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Tokyo 台東区 Taito ward

ka ryuukotsu 火竜骨
丑3刻、新吉原5丁町より火事が起き、廓中残らず焼けた。焼けた灰の中から、怪しい骨が出た。火竜の骨だという。
. Tokyo Taitoo, Taitō 台東区 Taito Ward .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. Kaido highway legends 街道と伝説 - - ABC list .

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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