Showing posts with label - - - Persons - - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Persons - - -. Show all posts

2019-12-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, the oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


. Legends and tales 伝説 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


. Asuka Kiyomihara Palace 飛鳥 清見原 .

auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

kinri 禁裏 / 禁中 / 御所 living quarters of the emperor
- kinri sama 禁裏様 Emperor

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. “Time in Medieval Japan” - symposium 2018 .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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- #heianabclist #abclist #korea -
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2019-04-28

taro legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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Taroo, Tarō 太郎 と伝説 Legends about Taro .

Taro is a very common name in Japan, especially for the first son of a family.


- CLICK for more photos of Kintaro ! -
. Kintaro 金太郎 "The Golden Boy" .

- quote -
Tarō, Taro, Talo, Taroh or Tarou (太郎, タロウ, たろう), is a stand-alone masculine Japanese given name or a common name suffix (literally meaning "eldest son").
Tarō can also be used as a surname.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Asataroo 麻太郎
Kintaro 金太郎
Matsutaroo 松太郎
Takataroo 孝太郎
Yoshitaroo 由太郎



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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Kanagawa 神奈川県
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小田原市 Odawara city

ryuu 龍 dragon - 金太郎 Kintaro
足柄山のふもとの村に住む娘が、山に木の実を拾いに行くと、天から龍が下りてきて娘の腹の上に乗り、生まれた子供が金太郎であるという。


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
1087 to collect (01)

早川孝太郎
川出由太郎
中山太郎
辻松太郎
山口麻太郎


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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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- - - - - #taroo taro #kintaro -
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2019-03-24

bozu priest monk legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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boozu, 坊主と伝説 Legends about priests

. boozu 坊主 priest, お坊さん O-Bo-San .
oshoo 和尚 priest
nyuudoo 入道 Nyudo priest
shoonin, shônin 上人 saint, head priest of a temple
daitoko 大徳(だいとこ)daitoku だいとく priest of high standard
soojoo. sôjô 僧正 high-ranking priest, "archbishop"
meisoo 名僧 famous priest / monk
koosoo 高僧 high-ranking priest

- Introduction -


Enami Nobukuni 江南信國 (1859 – 1929)



. aoboozu 青坊主 Ao-Bozu "Blue Priest" Yokai monster .

. soroban boozu 十呂盤坊主 "the Abacus Priest" .


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県
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出石郡 Izushi district 高橋村 Takahashi mura village

. kitsune 狐 fox and tanuki 狸 badger turning Bozu .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
坊主 more than 300 to explore


Photo by Tamamura Kōzaburō (1856 - 1923)

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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2019-03-22

Kozo young acolyte legends

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kozoo 小僧と伝説 Legends about temple acolytes and youngsters


. Toofu Kozoo, Tōfu kozō 豆腐小僧 Tofu Kozo, The Tofu Boy .


CLICK for more photos !


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Aichi 愛知県

noshi のし / warabi 蕨 bracken

source : 門前の小僧
Once a woman was cutting weeds at the river pool were they often pick bracken
She saw 小僧 a young temple acolyte with a sedge hat coming from the river.
This must be the spirit of the bracken, she thought and swung the hatched in a circle. The young acolyte jumped in astonishment, turned into a pebble and fell back into the river.

. warabi わらび(蕨) bracken, fern .




......................................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県

. munewari Amida 胸割り阿弥陀 Amida with a cut breast .





......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県

. Hitotsume Kozoo 一ツ目小僧 (一つ目小僧) Hitotsume Kozo - Young Monk with One Eye .




......................................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県

namikozoo 波小僧 Namikozo, Nami Kozo, Monk of the Waves
If a fisherman helps the Umibozu or Namikozo, he will be able to predict the weather according to the sound of the waves.


Namikozo Statue at Maisaka




......................................................................................... Yamagata 山形県

. sankichi sama 三吉様 / 三吉神 Sankichi Deity .
from 太平山 Mount Ohirasan (Mount Taiheizan 太平山 (1,170 m).


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
307 to collect

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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2019-03-18

saotome rice planting legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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saotome 早乙女と伝説 Legends about women planting rice


source : webun.jp/item...

. rice-planting woman, saotome 早乙女 / さおとめ .
- kigo for mid-summer -
sootome そうとめ、ueme 植女(うえめ)
satsuki me 五月女 "woman of May"
ie sotome 家早乙女(いえそうとめ) / uchi sotome 内早乙女(うちそうとめ)
saotome yado 早乙女宿 home with rice-planting women


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県
.......................................................................
上浮穴郡 Kami-Ukena district

. Tengu legends from Ehime .

Once a saotome 早乙女 rice-planting maiden was singing a song, bending toward the direction of 久保田の天狗嶽 Mount Tengudake at Kubota.
The Tengu came close and wanted to imitate the song, but could not sing as beautiful as the maiden.
The Tengu got angry and since then during the rice-planting season it always rains.

.......................................................................
松山市 Matsuyama city

ninjutsu tsukai 忍術使い using Ninja tricks
At 氷室 Himuro was a person who could use Ninja tricks.
He once passed along a field where women were planting rice. He said
saotome o odorasete miyoo 早乙女を躍らせてみよう "Let us make the Saotome women dance!"
He threw some tree leaves on the ground and the women bagun to dance.




......................................................................................... Shimane 島根県

Tentoo sama no bachi 天道様の罰 the punishment of the Sun
The 湖山長者 rich man from Koyama always employed many Saotome to have his fields planted in just one day.
In one year during the time of rice planting, a mother monkey came along with his baby head-down on her back. The Saotome women looked at her for a long time and could not finish all the fields on this day.
So the rich man took his hand fan and pointed it toward the sun, blowing it away for just one hour longer to finish the rice planting.
His fields were planted, but as a punishment the Sun now sent water to flood it all in one day and make a lake out of it.

.......................................................................
邑智郡 Oochi district

. Saotome and Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain .
- and 大石家 the Oishi family




......................................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県
海部郡 Ama district 宍喰町 Shishikui town

On the Seasonal Festival in the fifth lunar month the Saotome are allowed to throw mud at the young men of the village.
If they do not do this, something bad will happen.

. tango no sekku 端午の節句 fifth day of the fifth lunar month




......................................................................................... Toyama 富山県

. daija, orochi 大蛇 the huge serpent, great snake - legends .
One year during the rice-planting season, a huge serpent had swallowed all the Saotome girls, but the kushi櫛 comb of one girl got stuck in her throat and she died.
In memory of this event the villagers built the shrine 櫛田神社 Kushida Jinja.





......................................................................................... Yamagata 山形県
米沢市 Yonezawa city 遠山 Toyama

monogusa taroo 物ぐさ太郎 "Do-Nothing-Taro" and his kitsune nyooboo 狐女房 fox wive
The wife of Monogusa Taro had died and he had to care for the fields alone. Among the Saotome he had hired there was one who worked very hard, like four or five persons at once.
He took her as his wife and soon they had a son. When the boy was three years old, the woman suddenly turned into a fox and left the home.
Now Monogusa Taro had to take care of the child while dilligently doing his farm work. He soon became rich and prosperous.
The Fox-Child lived to the ripe age of 80 years and his descendants all became rich farmers.


- reference : Monogusa Taro. From Rags to Riches and Beyond -




......................................................................................... Yamanahsi 山梨県
南部留郡 Minami-Tsuru district

matamegane 股めがね peeking through the legs
The fields for planting in one day had been decided for each Saotome.
In the evening one girl had almost finished and bend her head down to peek through her legs  - to see that a big part was still unfinished.
She was quite surprized that soooo much was still not done that she fell down and died on the spot.
Since then, this field is called Saotomeda 早乙女田 field of the rice-planting maiden.


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

- - - writers named
早乙女善四郎
早乙女芳正
- - - books named
早乙女銭其他 - by 小林文夫
田の神と早乙女田 - by 大森義憲



source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/yoshimizushrine...


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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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2019-03-02

O-Otoko Giant legends

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. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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oo-otoko, Ōotoko 大男と伝説 O-Otoko, Legends about giants

oo-otoki may refere to a real giant who moves mountains, or a rather large, strong man.


. Honen Matsuri 豊年祭 fertility festival .
a new giant wooden phallus 大男茎型 (ooowasegata おおおわせがた) of about 2 meters length and 60 cm diameter

..............................................................................................................................................

. temizu, choozu 手水 ritual purification of hands .
toori akuma 通り悪魔
自宅庭の手水鉢近くに茂る葉蘭から焔が3尺ほど燃え上がっていたとき、眼光尋常でない大男が隣家より塀を飛び越えて来て、槍を振り回した。目を閉じて1時間ほどすると、焔も大男もいなくなっていた。この正体は邪気とそれに破られて乱心した隣家の主人であった。これが俗にいう通り悪魔であろう。


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

yamaotoko, yamaonna 山男,山女

......................................................................................... Nagasaki



みそ五郎まつり Misogoro Festival
Nishi-Arie-Chosukawa, Minamishimabara-shi, Nagasaki mall

- quote -
In each region of the Shimabara Peninsula many legends about giants have been told. The story about the kind and friendly giant Misogoro is one of them.
The statue of Misogoro was built based on this old story passed down in this area.
The statue is carried on a truck and is displayed in a parade that goes down the old shopping street of Nishi Arie.
At the festival, many events related to Somen noodles are held such as a fancy-dress parade, somen tasting, and a fast-eating of somen contest. Moreover, the event offers an exhibition and sale having not only Tenobe Somen boodle, but also locally harvested crops and fishery products.
- source : nihon-kankou.or.jp... -




......................................................................................... Okinawa 沖縄県
.......................................................................
石垣市 Ishigaki city

. 赤い褌をした一つ目の大男 ... .




......................................................................................... Saitama 埼玉県

. The Giant and 山の神 Yamanokami .

.......................................................................
In 秩父郡 大滝村 Chichibu, Otaki village

. 山に大男がいて....




......................................................................................... Tokyo 東京
.......................................................................
港区 Minato ward

. 小島清次郎 Kojima Saijiro catching fish .




......................................................................................... Yamagata 山形県
.......................................................................
最上郡 Mogami district 真室川町

. onibaba 鬼婆 ... .


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
97 to explore (01)

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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2018-10-14

hitodama human soul legends

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hitodama 人魂 / 人玉と伝説 Legends about the human soul
hitodama 人玉 spirit of a dead person, "soul flame"
tamabi 魂火 soul fire, fireball of a soul, human fireball




- quote -
In Japanese folklore, Hitodama (Japanese 人魂; meaning "human soul") are balls of fire that mainly float in the middle of night.
They are said to be "souls of the dead that have separated from their bodies," which is where their name comes from.
- Hitodama are mentioned in literature from ancient times. In the Man'yōshū, there is the following poem:
When you are alone and meet the complete blueness of a hitodama,
you would naturally think of it as the sorrow on a rainy night.

— Man'yōshū (Amasaki book) Chapter 16

They are frequently confused with onibi and kitsunebi, but since hitodama are considered to be the "appearance of souls that have left the body and fly through the air," they are strictly speaking a different general idea.
Concerning their shape and nature,
there are common features throughout Japan, but some differences could also be seen depending on the area. They fly crawling along at an elevation that is not very high. They have a color that is blue, orange, or red, and also have a tail, but it can either be short or long. There are also a few that have been seen during daytime.
In the Okinawa Prefecture,
hitodama are called "tamagai", and in Nakijin, they are said to appear before a child is born and in some areas are also said to be mysterious flames that drive off humans to death.
In Kawakami, Inba District, Chiba Prefecture,
(now Yachimata), hitodama are called "tamase," and are said to come out of the body 2 or 3 days after a human dies, and go toward temples or people they have a deep relation with and are said to make a great sound in storm shutters and gardens, but it is said that this sound can only be heard by those who have a deep relation with the spirit. Also, for those who have not seen a tamase by the time they are 28 years of age, a tamase would come towards them saying "let's meet, let's meet (aimashou, aimashou)" so even those who have not seen one when they are 28 years old will pretend to have seen one.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !





- collecting
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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


............................................................................... Fukui 福井県
敦賀市 Tsuruga

. ryuutoo 龍燈 / 龍灯 / 竜灯 と伝説 Legends about Ryuto, "Dragon Lantern" .
tamabi 魂火 soul fire
On the last day of the Old Year people can see many soul fires hovering over the waves in the sea. Sometimes there are more soul fires on the other side of the bay, sometimes they come together and over around. Eventually they disappear at the Shrine 常宮神社 Jogu Jinja.
The Dragon, an incarnation of 海神 Watatsumi, the Deity of the Sea, is said to become a female and go to meet its male counterpart.



............................................................................... Gunma 群馬県
富岡市 Tomioka city

. meido めいど【冥土 / 冥途】 the Netherworld, underworld .



............................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県

.......................................................................
茨城町 Ibaraki Town

tamase, hitodama 人玉 / 人魂
A bluish-white fireball 火の玉 fell down to the ground near a Zelkova tree.
The local folks called this tamase タマセ(魂) (tamashi) a soul.

. keyaki 欅と伝説 Legends about the Zelkova tree .




............................................................................... Kagoshima
屋久島 Yakushima island

. hitodama 人玉 spirit of a dead person, "soul flame" .




............................................................................... Okinawa 沖縄

. hitodama 人玉 from Yakushima Island 屋久島 .




............................................................................... Nara 奈良県

tamabi 魂火 soul fire

If there is a death in the family, another blood relative will be sure to see the Tamabi leave the house.




............................................................................... Tokyo 東京
Ota ward

. Tales from temple 本門寺 Honmon-Ji .



..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
197 人魂 to explore
23 人玉 to explore
tamabi 魂火 OK

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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2018-10-13

kitoshi shaman legends

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kitooshi, kitōshi 祈祷師と伝説 Kitoshi, Legends about Shamans


江戸時代の祈とう師 Kitoshi exorcist in the Edo period

- - - - - kitooshi can be translated in many ways:
Shaman, exorcist, faith healer, spirit medium, diviner, spiritual healer

. yorigitoo 憑祈祷 / 憑り祈祷 exorcistic 祈祷 Kito rituals .
The act of communicating or channeling spirits in special rituals.

..............................................................................................................................................

- quote -
Kitō are magico-religious invocations of the powers of a wide range of Shintō and Buddhist deities in hope of divine favor or protection. The ritual is also referred to as kinen, kigan, or kisei ; it also shares the same meaning as inori and nomi.
In ancient times, invocations and offerings were made to shrines to request safety, good weather, and bountiful harvests throughout the realm. Invocations of such highly public nature formed the original purpose of Shintō worship.
On the other hand, invocations made for the private benefit of individuals (shikitō and shikigan) are thought to have derived from "yin-yang exorcism" (onmyō harai) rites by ying-yang diviners (onmyōji ) in the mid-Heian period.
The integration of such rituals into the Shintō faith in the late Heian period has been attributed to the activities of invocation ritualists (okitōshi, o-kitōshi), who are precursors of the medieval oshi. Moreover, influenced by the practice of reaching empowerment through ritual union with the deity (kajikitō) of esoteric Buddhism and by yin-yang exorcism rites, Yoshida Shintō adapted the esoteric Buddhist goma rite and created the "Shintō goma", the "elemental Shinto ceremony" (sōgen gyōji), and a wide variety of other prayer rituals.
At present, shrine priests (shinshoku) conduct shikitō and shikigan invocations for diverse aims, such as easy childbirth, recovery from illness, longevity, and the prosperity of descendants.
Invocation rituals that are personally performed by individuals, without the intervention of shinshoku, are popular, including the "100 pilgrimages" (hyakudo mōde; see ohyakudo), the "1,000 shrine pilgrimage" (senja mōde, see also senja fuda), and "temporary seclusion at a shrine for making an invocation" (sanrō ).
- source : Shimazu Norifumi, Kokugakuin 2007 -


..............................................................................................................................................


. kitoo 祈祷 is often translated as "prayer" .
and some kigo for Haiku are related to it.
In Japan, official prayers at shrines or temples are often accompanied by ritual dance and other ceremonies.
kitoo-gitsune 祈祷狐 prayer to the Inari Fox deity (kitsune)
kitsune mai 狐舞 fox dance
inariyama no shirogitsune 稲荷山の白狐 the white fox from Inari mountain

..............................................................................................................................................

. Yamanokami and Shaman legends .
- a long list

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

............................................................................... Okayama 岡山県
.......................................................................
北房町 Hokubo

kishiojin キシオジン / キシオヂン / きしおじん Kishio-Jin, Kishibojin
Once on the day of 庚申 Koshin the child of a certain family did not come home at night. Three days (months) later they found some of her cloths and some hair at an old temple near 古坊 Furubo. They showed them to カンパラ(祈祷師), Ganbara, a diviner at Soja. He found that キシオジン Kishiojin (the name of the deity in the local dialect) had taken her away.
The house of her family was built along a road where the Tengu pass.
(Other sources say a キシオジンの通り筋 road where Kishiojin passes.)
Also called Kishiojin-suji キシオジン筋.




............................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
飯島町 Iijima

kuda くだ Kuda (Yokai fox-like animal)
Kuda, a green bamboo tube where cooked rice is kept. When people hit it, the KUDA comes out and the family where this happens will become rich and have a lot of silk worms.
A home with many KUDA is blessed, but if there are too much, they will eat too much and eventually the family will become poor and its members become ill.
So the family has to call for an exorcist 祈祷師, a Shinto priest, and have rituals performed.
. kudagitsune 管狐 Fox Kuda Yokai, living in bamboo tubes .


.......................................................................
下伊那郡 Shimo-Ina district 辰野町 Tatsuno

. Yamanokami is also called "Kitoshi" .
祈とう師を山の神と呼ぶ



............................................................................... Nagasaki
.......................................................................

. Gaappa ガーッパ The Kappa of Nagasaki 長崎県 .
In some very rural areas there are some kind of 祈祷師 exorcists for the Kappa, Gaappa, ガーッパおとしの神さん Gaappa otoshi no kami san. They can remove a Gaappa if he possesses a human by beating the Shaman drum, swinging the ritual wand 御幣 and chanting exorcist Sutras.





............................................................................... Oita 大分県
.......................................................................
佐伯市 Saiki town

. Inugami 犬神 "Dog Deity" .


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
134 祈祷師 to explore
373 祈とう師 to collect

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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