Showing posts with label - - - Persons - - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Persons - - -. Show all posts

2019-12-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, the oldest chronicle in Japan .

.......................................................................


source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


. Legends and tales 伝説 .


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


. Asuka Kiyomihara Palace 飛鳥 清見原 .

auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

.......................................................................

. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

.......................................................................


Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

kinri 禁裏 / 禁中 / 御所 living quarters of the emperor
- kinri sama 禁裏様 Emperor

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. “Time in Medieval Japan” - symposium 2018 .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

..............................................................................................................................................

. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

- #heianabclist #abclist #korea -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2018-10-14

hitodama human soul legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

hitodama 人魂 / 人玉と伝説 Legends about the human soul
hitodama 人玉 spirit of a dead person, "soul flame"
tamabi 魂火 soul fire, fireball of a soul, human fireball




- quote -
In Japanese folklore, Hitodama (Japanese 人魂; meaning "human soul") are balls of fire that mainly float in the middle of night.
They are said to be "souls of the dead that have separated from their bodies," which is where their name comes from.
- Hitodama are mentioned in literature from ancient times. In the Man'yōshū, there is the following poem:
When you are alone and meet the complete blueness of a hitodama,
you would naturally think of it as the sorrow on a rainy night.

— Man'yōshū (Amasaki book) Chapter 16

They are frequently confused with onibi and kitsunebi, but since hitodama are considered to be the "appearance of souls that have left the body and fly through the air," they are strictly speaking a different general idea.
Concerning their shape and nature,
there are common features throughout Japan, but some differences could also be seen depending on the area. They fly crawling along at an elevation that is not very high. They have a color that is blue, orange, or red, and also have a tail, but it can either be short or long. There are also a few that have been seen during daytime.
In the Okinawa Prefecture,
hitodama are called "tamagai", and in Nakijin, they are said to appear before a child is born and in some areas are also said to be mysterious flames that drive off humans to death.
In Kawakami, Inba District, Chiba Prefecture,
(now Yachimata), hitodama are called "tamase," and are said to come out of the body 2 or 3 days after a human dies, and go toward temples or people they have a deep relation with and are said to make a great sound in storm shutters and gardens, but it is said that this sound can only be heard by those who have a deep relation with the spirit. Also, for those who have not seen a tamase by the time they are 28 years of age, a tamase would come towards them saying "let's meet, let's meet (aimashou, aimashou)" so even those who have not seen one when they are 28 years old will pretend to have seen one.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !





::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


............................................................................... Fukui 福井県
敦賀市 Tsuruga

. ryuutoo 龍燈 / 龍灯 / 竜灯 と伝説 Legends about Ryuto, "Dragon Lantern" .
tamabi 魂火 soul fire
On the last day of the Old Year people can see many soul fires hovering over the waves in the sea. Sometimes there are more soul fires on the other side of the bay, sometimes they come together and over around. Eventually they disappear at the Shrine 常宮神社 Jogu Jinja.
The Dragon, an incarnation of 海神 Watatsumi, the Deity of the Sea, is said to become a female and go to meet its male counterpart.




............................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県

.......................................................................
茨城町 Ibaraki Town

tamase, hitodama 人玉 / 人魂
A bluish-white fireball 火の玉 fell down to the ground near a Zelkova tree.
The local folks called this tamase タマセ(魂) (tamashi) a soul.

. keyaki 欅と伝説 Legends about the Zelkova tree .




............................................................................... Kagoshima
屋久島 Yakushima island

. hitodama 人玉 spirit of a dead person, "soul flame" .





............................................................................... Nara 奈良県

tamabi 魂火 soul fire

If there is a death in the family, another blood relative will be sure to see the Tamabi leave the house.




............................................................................... Tokyo 東京
Ota ward

. Tales from temple 本門寺 Honmon-Ji .



..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
197 人魂 to explore
23 人玉 to explore
tamabi 魂火 OK

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #hitodama #soulfire #humansoul -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2018-10-13

kitoshi shaman legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

kitooshi, kitōshi 祈祷師と伝説 Kitoshi, Legends about Shamans


江戸時代の祈とう師 Kitoshi exorcist in the Edo period

- - - - - kitooshi can be translated in many ways:
Shaman, exorcist, faith healer, spirit medium, diviner, spiritual healer

. yorigitoo 憑祈祷 / 憑り祈祷 exorcistic 祈祷 Kito rituals .
The act of communicating or channeling spirits in special rituals.

..............................................................................................................................................

- quote -
Kitō are magico-religious invocations of the powers of a wide range of Shintō and Buddhist deities in hope of divine favor or protection. The ritual is also referred to as kinen, kigan, or kisei ; it also shares the same meaning as inori and nomi.
In ancient times, invocations and offerings were made to shrines to request safety, good weather, and bountiful harvests throughout the realm. Invocations of such highly public nature formed the original purpose of Shintō worship.
On the other hand, invocations made for the private benefit of individuals (shikitō and shikigan) are thought to have derived from "yin-yang exorcism" (onmyō harai) rites by ying-yang diviners (onmyōji ) in the mid-Heian period.
The integration of such rituals into the Shintō faith in the late Heian period has been attributed to the activities of invocation ritualists (okitōshi, o-kitōshi), who are precursors of the medieval oshi. Moreover, influenced by the practice of reaching empowerment through ritual union with the deity (kajikitō) of esoteric Buddhism and by yin-yang exorcism rites, Yoshida Shintō adapted the esoteric Buddhist goma rite and created the "Shintō goma", the "elemental Shinto ceremony" (sōgen gyōji), and a wide variety of other prayer rituals.
At present, shrine priests (shinshoku) conduct shikitō and shikigan invocations for diverse aims, such as easy childbirth, recovery from illness, longevity, and the prosperity of descendants.
Invocation rituals that are personally performed by individuals, without the intervention of shinshoku, are popular, including the "100 pilgrimages" (hyakudo mōde; see ohyakudo), the "1,000 shrine pilgrimage" (senja mōde, see also senja fuda), and "temporary seclusion at a shrine for making an invocation" (sanrō ).
- source : Shimazu Norifumi, Kokugakuin 2007 -


..............................................................................................................................................


. kitoo 祈祷 is often translated as "prayer" .
and some kigo for Haiku are related to it.
In Japan, official prayers at shrines or temples are often accompanied by ritual dance and other ceremonies.
kitoo-gitsune 祈祷狐 prayer to the Inari Fox deity (kitsune)
kitsune mai 狐舞 fox dance
inariyama no shirogitsune 稲荷山の白狐 the white fox from Inari mountain

..............................................................................................................................................

. Yamanokami and Shaman legends .
- a long list

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

............................................................................... Okayama 岡山県
.......................................................................
北房町 Hokubo

kishiojin キシオジン / キシオヂン / きしおじん Kishio-Jin, Kishibojin
Once on the day of 庚申 Koshin the child of a certain family did not come home at night. Three days (months) later they found some of her cloths and some hair at an old temple near 古坊 Furubo. They showed them to カンパラ(祈祷師), Ganbara, a diviner at Soja. He found that キシオジン Kishiojin (the name of the deity in the local dialect) had taken her away.
The house of her family was built along a road where the Tengu pass.
(Other sources say a キシオジンの通り筋 road where Kishiojin passes.)
Also called Kishiojin-suji キシオジン筋.




............................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
飯島町 Iijima

kuda くだ Kuda (Yokai fox-like animal)
Kuda, a green bamboo tube where cooked rice is kept. When people hit it, the KUDA comes out and the family where this happens will become rich and have a lot of silk worms.
A home with many KUDA is blessed, but if there are too much, they will eat too much and eventually the family will become poor and its members become ill.
So the family has to call for an exorcist 祈祷師, a Shinto priest, and have rituals performed.
. kudagitsune 管狐 Fox Kuda Yokai, living in bamboo tubes .


.......................................................................
下伊那郡 Shimo-Ina district 辰野町 Tatsuno

. Yamanokami is also called "Kitoshi" .
祈とう師を山の神と呼ぶ



............................................................................... Nagasaki
.......................................................................

. Gaappa ガーッパ The Kappa of Nagasaki 長崎県 .
In some very rural areas there are some kind of 祈祷師 exorcists for the Kappa, Gaappa, ガーッパおとしの神さん Gaappa otoshi no kami san. They can remove a Gaappa if he possesses a human by beating the Shaman drum, swinging the ritual wand 御幣 and chanting exorcist Sutras.





............................................................................... Oita 大分県
.......................................................................
佐伯市 Saiki town

. Inugami 犬神 "Dog Deity" .


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
134 祈祷師 to explore
373 祈とう師 to collect

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #kitooshi #kitoshi #shaman #diviner #exorcist -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2018-04-04

Sennin Jugeso Juge

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Juge soo 河内国樹下僧 Monk Juge from Kawachi no Kuni
河内国 Kawachi is now part of Osaka.

He is Nr. 25 of
. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .

樹下僧円宝房 Juge So Enho-Bo
三井寺の円宝房阿関梨 Miidera no Enho-Bo Ajari


His story is not quite clear.
He was either a priest at Miidera or at the shine after which he is named, Juge Jinja.

..............................................................................................................................................

Related to 日吉神社 Hiyoshi Jinja (日枝神社 Hie Jinja)

miyagomori 宮籠り to make a wish (vow) and stay in the shrine until it is granted
One of them was Juge So 中世日吉神社における宮籠りと樹下僧.

- reference source : oldvin.seesaa.net/article... -

.............................................................................................................................................


Juge Jinja 樹下神社 Juge Jinja shrines
All are located in 滋賀県 Shiga prefecture.
They belong to the seven sub-shrines of 日吉大社 Hiyoshi Taisha.

Juge shrines are also called
Juuzenji sha 十禅師社 (ジュウゼンジ) Juzenji Shrine ("Ten Zen Teacher's Shrine)
Junizenji are known in Buddhism as 地蔵菩薩 Jizo Bosatsu.

樹下神社 (大津市北小松) - 滋賀県大津市北小松鎮座 Kitakomatsu
樹下神社 (大津市南比良) - 滋賀県大津市南比良鎮座 Minamihira
樹下神社 (大津市木戸) - 滋賀県大津市木戸鎮座 Kido
樹下神社 (大津市山中町) - 滋賀県大津市山中町鎮座 Yamanaka
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

.......................................................................




大津市北小松 Otsu town, Kita-Komatsu

- Deity in residence
. 鴨玉依姫命 / 玉依姫命 Tamayori Hime no Mikoto .

The origin of this shrine is not quite clear.
In 982, 佐々木成頼 Sasaki Nariyori ordered the construction of the 日吉十禅師 Juzenji of Hiyoshi.
This shrine flourished as the protector shrine of the Sasaki clan in 近江国 Omi (now Shiga prefecture).
The shrine was destructed by Oda Nobunaga, but later rebuild.
In 1870, it was named 十禅師社 Juzenji Shrine

Minamoto no Nariyori 源成頼 (676 - 1003) = Sasaki Nariyori

.......................................................................



大津市南比良 Otsu town, Minami-Kira

.......................................................................




大津市木戸 Otsu town, Kido

This shrine was constructed on orders of 佐野豊賢 Sano Toyokata. the regent of 木戸城 Kido castle, to protect the area and his clan.
The shrine was destroyed by Oda Nobunaga and later rebuilt in 1578.


- reference source : shiga/otsu-kido-jugejinja... -

.......................................................................


- quote -
Juge Jinja is a small shrine in the Higashi-Hongu area of Hiyoshi Taisha. This structure is classified as an Important Cultural Asset.
Hiyoshi Taisha
is dedicated to Sanno Gongen, the deity of Mount Hiei, and dates back to 806. The shrine is located at the base of the mountain in Sakamoto near the shores of Lake Biwa. Because of its proximity to Hieizan, it has always been associated with Enryaku-ji. The shrine was destroyed in 1571 when Nobunaga eliminated the Enryaku-ji monks, but it was rebuilt soon after.
Hiyoshi Taisha. Otsu, Shiga.
- source : flickr.com/photos/jpellgen... -



::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - #senninjugeso #jugeso #jugejinja #enhobo #juzenji -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2018-04-02

Sennin Kyotai Osho

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Kyootai Osho 教待和尚 Kyotai Osho, Priest Kyotai

He is Nr. 14 of
. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .


教待堂 Kyotai Do Hall
at temple Miidera, Shiga, Otsu.

He was an old priest taking care of Miidera until priest 智証大師 Chisho Daishi came to the temple.
In the Kyotaido Hall in honor of Kyotai there is a statue of the priest.



After Chisho's arrival, Kyotai went into a cave and did not come out again.
Later Chisho Daishi put up a stone memorial on the cave.

Since olden times, people who come here to become a monk have their hair cut and offer it on the altar of this hall.
- reference -


. Miidera, Mii-dera 三井寺 Temple Mii .


. Chisho Daishi 智証大師 / 智證大師 / Enchin 圓珍 / 円珍 .
(814 - 891) nephew of Kobo Daishi

..............................................................................................................................................

. oshoo 和尚 priest - Introduction .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - #kyotai "kyotaiosho #miidera -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2018-03-28

Butsusen Buddhist immortals hermits

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Butsusen 仏仙 / 佛仙 Buddhist Immortals and Hermits

Butsusen-kai 仏仙界 the realm of Buddhist immortals is the realm where the immortals live
(as opposed to the shinsen-kai 神仙界, the realm were the Shinto deities reside, in the famous mountains like 富士山 Fujisan or 蓬莱山 Horaisan.)

These Sennin practise sendo 仙道修行 to become Immortals and budo shugyo 武道修行 martial arts.
They live a hermit life with little contact to the world, with no pain and no joy.
Usually when someone enters this realm, he is not allowed to come back.

There are various types of Butsusen:
tensen 天仙 Sennin of the heavenly realm. chisen 地仙 Sennin of the earthly realm
shikaisen 尸解仙 Shikaisen, rikusen 陸仙、suisen 水仙 、shinsen 新仙、doosen 童仙 child Sennin,
gyokujo 玉女 "treasure women", sennyo 仙女 female Sennin

The Butsusen Hermits are also called Daisen 大仙、Sensei 仙聖、or simply Sen 仙.

- - - Shikaisen is the realm where the body survives after death.
. sokushinbutsu 即身仏のミイラ the Living Mummies of Japan .






. China - The Eight Immortals 八仙 Pa Hsien .


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



日本の仏仙人16人 - The 16 Buddhist Immortals of Japan


. 01 Koma no Kikori 高麗山樵 woodcutter from Mount Komayama .


. 02 Udohama Nyosen 宇度浜女仙 female Sennin from Udohama beach .
and
03 Yoshinoyama Nyosen 吉野山女仙 female Sennin from Mount Yoshinoyama


. 04 Suzuka no okina 鈴鹿翁 Old Man Suzuka .

.......................................................................

05 Yagara no Okina 箭柄翁 / 煎柄翁 Old Man Yagara
no information found yet

.......................................................................

. 06 Kakinomoto Hitomaro 柿本人麻呂 Hitomaru 人丸 / 人麿 .

.......................................................................

. 07 Yooro Sennin 養老仙人 Yoro Sennin .
and the samurai Nanigashi 草野某(なにがし)

.......................................................................


. 08 Kanshiwa 飛龍士韓志和 Hiryushi Kan Shiwa .
a master carpenter of Hida Takayama

.......................................................................


. 09 Ono no Takamura 小野篁 . (802 - 852)

.......................................................................


10 Shirohashi no Okina 白箸翁 (しろはしのおきな)Old Man selling white chopsticks


source : 国際日本文化研究センタ

He was a strange old man, living in the Early Heian period.
Around (859-877) he sold white chopsticks in the streets of Kyoto. He always seemed to be about 70 years. After his death his body was buried in the earth.
But a few years later people saw him, clad like a monk, reading the 法華経 Hoke-Kyo Sutra

Hakucho-o den 白箸翁伝 ハクチョオウデン Legend of Hakucho-O
book by 紀長谷雄 Ki no Haseo (845 – 912) , Literati of the Heian Period

.......................................................................


. 11 Sadazumi Shinno 貞純親王 .

.......................................................................

. 12 Ariwara no Narihira 在原業平朝臣 .

.......................................................................


. 13 Ikoma Sennin 生馬仙人 / 生馬仙 Ikoma Sen .

.......................................................................


. 14 Miyako no Yoshika 都良香 .

.......................................................................

. 15 Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真 .

.......................................................................


. 16 Saga no In Kunshi 嵯峨の隠君子 / 嵯峨隠君子 .


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .
Here the most important ones are introduced.
There are 僧侶 18 priests, 8 仙人 sennin (including 3 仏仙 like Kume Sennin).
The other 11 are humans.
聖徳太子 Shotoku Taishi and 役ノ行者 En no Gyoja have a special relationship to Buddhism.

..............................................................................................................................................


- reference source : toki.moo.jp/inaka-jo/05sennin... -

- reference source : nihonkogaku . com 日本古学 -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




Hotokegasen 仏ヶ仙(ほとけがせん)736 m
peak in the Hiruzen mountain range, Okayama 蒜山仏ヶ山


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - #buddhistsennin #buddhistimmortals -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2018-03-26

Japanese Sennin Immortals Hermits

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Nihon no sennin 日本の仙人 Japanese Immortals and Hermits

「本朝神仙伝」
日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan



本朝神仙記伝 / 本朝神仙伝 Honcho Shinsenden - Lives of Japanese immortals
Honcho shinsen den - Lives of Japanese Spirit Immortals / Biography of Japanese immortals
By 大江匡房 Oe no Masafusa

日本の仙人37人を解説した『本朝神仙記伝』(平安時代後期の漢学者大江匡房(おおえのまさふさ)撰録)には、
「是全く孫右衛門が、熟眠の場なるを知らず、草を刈て驚かせし故に、斯る変を示したるものならんと、人々語り伝えしとなん。今も時として姿を顕はすことあり。村人恐れて、孫右衛門天狗といふとぞ」とあります。
孫右衛門 Magoemon - - see below, Yamanashi -

Michinori Honcho Shinsenden - Accounts of Japanese Immortals
For a broad discussion of these Japanese immortals, see Hori, "On the Concept of Hijiri (Holy-man)."

.......................................................................

There are basically three types of Sennin

. Shinsen 神仙 / 神僊 Daoist Immortals and Hermits .
. Butsusen 仏仙 / 佛仙 Buddhist Immortals and Hermits .

Shikaisen, shikai sen 尸解仙 becoming a Sennin after death (the dead body is kept "alive".)
. sokushinbutsu 即身仏のミイラ the Living Mummies of Japan .

..............................................................................................................................................


. 01 倭武命(大和武尊)Yamato Takeru .
. 02 上宮太子(聖徳太子)Shotoku Taishi  .
. 03 武内宿禰 Takenouchi no Sukune  .
. 04 浦嶋子(浦島太郎)Urashima Taro .
. 05 役ノ行者(役ノ小角)En no Gyoja - Jimpen Dai-Bosatsu .
. 06 徳一大徳 Tokuitsu .
. 07 Taichō 泰澄大徳 Taicho Daitoku - Tengu 白山坊 Hakusan-Bo .
. 08 久米仙 Kume Sennin .
. 09 都藍尼 Toran-Ni - 女仙人 a female Sennin .

. 10 善仲 Zenchu and his twin - 11 善算 Zensan .
. 12 窺詮法師 / 喜撰法師 Kisen Hoshi .
. 13 行叡居士 Gyoei Koji .
. 14 教待和尚 Kyotai Osho .
. 15 報恩大師 Hoon Daishi, Ho-On Daishi .
. 16 弘法大師 Kobo Daishi 空海 Kukai  .
. 17 慈覚大師 Jikaku Daishi 円仁 Ennin .
. 18 陽勝仙人 Yosho Sennin
. 19 陽勝仙人弟子仙 / 陽勝弟子童 Hijiri, disciple of Yosho .


. 20 Kawara no In 河原院 源融 Minamoto Toru .
- - - 21 藤太君 Tooda no Kimi 藤太君 Toda no Kimi
- - - 22 源太君 げんだのきみ)Genda no Kimi  
. 23 白箸翁 Shirohashi no Okina - Old Man selling white chopsticks .
. 24 都良香 Miyako no Yoshika (834 - 897) .
. 25 Juge 河内国樹下僧 Monk Juge from Kawachi no Kuni .

- - - 26 美濃国河邊人 / 河辺人 Mino no Kuni Hotori no Hito 美濃国の河の邊(ほとり)の人
- - - 27 出羽国石窟仙 Dewa no Kuni Sekkutsu Sen "Immortal in the stone cave"
. 28 大嶺僧 / 浄蔵法師 Jozo Hoshi .
- - - 29 大嶺山仙 Ominesan Sen / 大峰山

. 30 Kanda 竿打仙 Kanda Sen / 竿打ち仙人 Sao-Uchi Sennin .
- - - 31 伊予国長生翁 Iyo no Kuni Chosei Ogina, Old man Chosei
. 32 Chuzan, Chusan 中算上人 Saint Chuzan Shonin - 興福寺の僧 .
- - - 33 橘正道 / 橘正通 Tachibana no Machimichi (漢詩 Poet of the Mid-Heian period)
- - - 34 東寺僧 Toji Monk / 東寺長者 Toji Choja -head priest of temple To-Ji in Kyoto
- - - 35 比良山僧 Hieizan Monk from Mount Hieizan in Kyoto
- - - 36 愛宕護僧 Atago Monk / 愛宕護山仙 Atago Moriyama Sen / 愛宕護山聖人 Saint from Mount Atago, meeting a wild boar
. 37 沙門日蔵 Shamon Nichizo (905 - 967) .


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


- reference source : 本朝神仙記伝 宮地巌夫 -

本朝神仙記伝 上之巻
饒速日命/可美真手命/稲飯命 三毛入野命/椎根津彦/賀茂別雷大神並玉依比売命/阿蘇都彦命 阿蘇都媛命 速瓶玉命/倭媛命/日本武尊/印南別嬢/白鳥陵守目杵/武内宿禰/水江浦島子/若狭八百姫/高麗山樵並真珠男、白綿女/宇度浜女仙並漁夫/押坂直/漆部造麿か妻の女仙并七子/駕籠仙人/吉野山二女仙/鈴鹿翁/煎柄翁 - 箭柄翁 /柿本人麿/久米仙人/養老仙人并草野何某/菊女仙/願覚仙人/飛龍士韓志和/武庫山女仙/蝉丸/小野篁/白箸翁/貞純親王/在原業平朝臣/生馬仙人/都良香/菅公/嵯峨隠君子/藤太主並源太主/松木春彦/平維盛仙人/平景清仙人並平盛嗣仙人/佐々木高綱/津軽女仙/残夢/鬼三太清悦並柳塘異人高館女仙/大枝国兼/由井源蔵/度会常昌神主/万里小路藤房卿/郷谷長生夫妻/十津川異人/長清道士/長谷川式部太夫/岩田刀自/大口山女仙

本朝神仙記伝 下之巻
白幽子/白山仙人並加藤友春/原隼人佐/天野三郎兵衛康景/一路居士並道観及善輔/海上隠者/武市常三/奥州異人/美濃女仙/福山坊/雨畑の仙翁/於竹女仙並於松女仙/髯道人/虚庵/飛騨異人/山門玄常/栗山某/長谷川角行/三石山仙翁並女仙/雲居官蔵/吉村専兵衛/青木主計頭/白鳥永徳/義斎/信濃女仙/山中山三郎/京都仙翁/荏原孫右衛門/金嶽新左衛門/霧山六女仙/羽黒山千三仙人/雲水行者/足柄山五仙人/上総仙人/米叟上人/甲斐徳本/阿勘女仙/ 御殿林仙人 Gotenbayashi /河野至道寿人

with explanations about each one 
- reference source : majinnnn.jugem.jp.. -


. ABC-List of the Immortals .


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


- Another page with a long list of Sennin

往生伝・法華験記
by 井上大曽根 Inoue Ozone
極楽往生をとげた人々の伝記を集めた仏教説話「日本往生極楽記」「続本朝往生伝」「本朝神仙伝」「拾遺往生伝」および天台僧鎮源の編んだ「大日本国法華経験記」に加え,さらに参考として5篇の往生伝を収める.
- reference source : redbird.no-ip.info... -


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM . TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - #37sennin #nihonnosennin #japanesesennin #senninjapan
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2018-03-04

shinsen Daoist immortals hermits

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

shinsen 神仙 / 神僊 Daoist Immortals and Hermits 
immortal mountain wizard (in Taoism); Taoist immortal; supernatural being
shinzen しんぜん / 神仙


source : 神仙故事:翟笔师失仙缘


Through diligent practise they obtained jinzuuriki 神通力 supernatural powers and a long life as immortals.

shinsendoo 神仙道 Shinsendo "the way to gain longevity"
. 本朝神仙伝 Honcho Shinsenden - Lives of Japanese immortals .



- quote -
cult of immortality 神仙思想
A philosophical perspective in ancient China, which developed from a combination of Taoism with the doctrine of Yin and Yang and the Five Elements. It was a cult of longevity and eternal life, and those who obtained these goals were called Sages thought to live on special islands.
In China, gardens symbolizing this cosmological view were built in the Qin and Han dynasties, and in Japan as well, gardens influenced by this perspective were made in the Asuka and Nara periods.
Hōrai and crane-and-tortoise gardens, popular in the Momoyama and Edo periods, were also based in part on this philosophy.
- source : Japanese Garden Dictionary -



藤田友治 Fujita Tomoji
古代日本と神仙思想 ― 三角縁神獣鏡と前方後円墳の謎を解く

- - - 目次 contents
古代神仙思想の謎―シンポジウムの報告から
三角縁神獣鏡に見る神仙思想 - triangular rimmed ancient mirror decorated with gods and animals
徐福の「影」をアジアに探す―徐福を伝承する人々との出会い
古代史随想―建築家の立場から前方後円墳の謎に迫る
「前方後円墳」(壷型古墳)と葬送儀礼
神仙思想と三角縁神獣鏡
三角縁神獣鏡を作った人々
神仙思想と浦島太郎 Urashima Taro


- - - - - replica of the mirror - 三角縁神獣鏡

. Urashima Taro 浦島太郎 .

.......................................................................

. hooraisan 蓬莱山 Hōrai, Mount Horai .
mountain of eternal youth

..............................................................................................................................................

- quote -
神仙説【しんせんせつ】 shinsen setsu
中国の古い神話に由来し,戦国時代に興り,秦・漢代に流行し,魏晋時代に頂点に達した神秘的思想。神仙は人間の現実的欲望の実現者であり,不老不死であるとする。神仙となるために,修行や服薬の法があり,その方法をめぐって,道教と習合した。

中国で
生死を超脱した存在の可能性を考える思想。神仙説の萌芽は戦国時代(前3世紀)に認められる。たとえば《荘子》には風を吸い露を飲み,雲気に乗って飛竜を御する藐姑射(はこや)の山の神人や踵(きびす)をもって呼吸する真人などのイメージがえがかれ,《楚辞》には神仙との遊行がうたわれている。神仙説をとくに鼓吹したのは東方沿海地域の方士たちであって,東海中に神仙の住まう三神山が存在すると説き,三神山の信仰は秦の始皇帝や漢の武帝にもうけつがれた。
- source : kotobank -


神仙伝 (しんせんでん)shinsen den
中国の西晋・東晋時代の道教研究家・葛洪の著書。ただし『隋書』経籍志や『抱朴子』の自序・内篇の記述から葛洪が『神仙伝』を記したことは確かだが、現行本は葛洪原作のものから改変が加えられ、収められた仙人のメンバーや文章は旧本とは異なるとする見方が強い。全10巻。
現行本では90人以上の神仙譚がある。序では『列仙伝』を取り上げる。
以下の仙人が現行本に登場する。
...蘇仙公、成仙公
. . . . . With a list of more than 90 names here :
- reference source : wikipedia -



ゲームソフト / ピクシブ百科事典 / a game and dictionary

..............................................................................................................................................



神仙河野久
by 田中貢太郎 Tanaka Kotaro (1880 - 1941)
吉野山の神仙と、熊山の神仙
- essay by 田中貢太郎 -

.......................................................................

Shinsen Setsu The Holy Immortals (a study of ancient Taoism).
Takeuchi Yoshio - Tokyo, 1935.

Daoist Immortality and Buddhist Holiness: A Study and Translation of the Honchō shinsen-den.


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




- quote -
shinsenboku 神仙木 Lit. tree of immortals
A tree associated with Mt. Penglai Horaisan 蓬莱山, legendary island of the immortals. Since the Heian period the evergreen and long-lived pine, matsu 松 has been associated with the shinsenboku and planted on islands in garden ponds.
- source : JAANUS -



::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

- - - - - - A legend from China
In 秦州 Shinshu in China a man walked alone at night, suddenly found himself surrounded by smoke and standing on the top of the mountain. There he met many people having a party, drinking and enjoying music. When he later tried to get up on the mountain again to steal their wealth, there was nothing to be seen.
It must have been the effect of the Shinsen or maybe some Tengu.


Sorori 蘇呂里 Sorori,shinsen no jutsu 神仙の術
Sorori was a Samurai from Mikawa (eastern Aichi) who was close to 豊臣秀吉 Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
Sorori later lived in a mountain retreat and practised the way of a Shinsen, until he was able to fly freely in the sky.


source : commons.wikimedia.org/wiki
Sorori Shinzaemon and Hideyoshi
by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi

- - - - - Sorori Sugimoto Shinzaemon
The second unifier of Japan, Hideyoshi, was tricked into giving more than he bargained for by Sorori (Sugimoto Shinzaemon), a scabbard maker whose great wit and humor enabled him to become “a kind of buffoon to Hideyoshi” and the only named Japanese court jester in the available records.
... Hideyoshi asked Sorori what recompense he wished. He replied, "A paper bag full of rice." Hideyoshi, pleased with his moderation, promised him what he desired. However, several days later, Sorori arrived dragging after him an enormous paper bag, which he put over a great barn. Hideyoshi was much amused, and asked Sorori to celebrate the matter in a verse.

- Fools Are Everywhere: The Court Jester Around the World
by Beatrice K. Otto
- : books.google.co.jp -


. Toyotomi Hideyoshi 豊臣秀吉 (1537 - 1598) .

..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. The Eight Chinese Immortals 八仙 Pa Hsien .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #shinsen #shintohermits #shintosennin -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::