2018-02-10

sennin immortals hermits legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals

The recluse from the political scene has always been an ideal of the Chinese and later Japanese intellectuals.
Some mountain recluses were seen as Tengu, others as Sennin.
shinsen 神仙 Sennin of the Daoist tradition
bosatsu 菩薩 is an honorable title given to Buddhist Immortals

. sennin 仙人 immortals, mountain hermits.
- Introduction -

. - - - - - ABC-List of the Sennin - - - - - .


. China - The Eight Immortals 八仙 Pa Hsien .

. shinsen 神仙 / 神僊 Chinese Daoist Immortals and Hermits  .
- - - - - 蘇呂里 Sorori Sugimoto Shinzaemon

. Butsusen 仏仙 / 佛仙 Buddhist Immortals and Hermits .

. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .


. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .



Chōkarō Sennin 張果老仙人 Chokaro Sennin releasing the horse from the gourd


Sennin are immortals living in the mountains - some kind of hermits.
They are capable of a lot of magic tricks like flying on an animal in the air.
Sennin may appear mortals in their dreams. There are about 500 of them.
Like in life, only a few of the sennin are frequently mentioned and depicted.
The rest belongs to the "silent majority".
By the way, the Japanese mythology knows not only male but female sennin as well.
source : artelino.com/articles

..............................................................................................................................................

. Glossary about the Sennin .

. Sennin no tabemono 仙人の食べ物 Food of the Sennin
The Elixir of Life and Immortality .


. Shisendoo 詩仙堂 Shisen-Do "Hall of the Great Poets" . - Kyoto

.......................................................................

. senninike, sennin-ike 仙人池 Sennin-Ike, "Pond of the Immortal" .

. senningatake 仙人岳 Mount Senningatake . - Yamagata
- 仙人ヶ岳 Tochigi. ... *
. Daisen 大仙 / 大山 Mount Daisen . - Tottori

Sennin Toge 仙人峠 - Sennin Pass, Iwate

. sennin no iwa 仙人の岩 "Rock of the Immortal" . - Kanagawa
- 仙人岩 Sennin-Iwa. Kagoshima ... *

Senninzawa 仙人沢 - see below *

Sennin roten iwaburo bath 仙人露天岩風呂 | 信州高山温泉郷 *


. Rokkasen 六歌仙 Six Immortal Waka Poets .

- Thirty-Six Immortals of Poetry 三十六歌仙 Sanjūrokkasen -
- wikipedia -


. minogame 蓑亀 minokame, "turtle with a raincoat" .
It is a symbol of longevity and felicity, and a friend for the immortals.

..............................................................................................................................................


- - - - - Art motives with Sennin - - - - -

. sennin to netsuke 仙人と根付 Netsuke of Immortals .


sennin byoobu 仙人 屏風 Byobu folding screens with Sennin
. . . CLICK here for Photos  !

sennin kawara  仙人 瓦 roof tiles with Sennnin
. . . CLICK here for more Photos  !


- - - - - kokeshi, ukiyo-e and more to come


- - - - - porcelain figures
Li Tieguai, Cao Guojiu, Lan Caihe, Zhang Guolao, Han Xiangzi, He Xiangu, Lü Dongbin and Zhongli Quan (Zhongli Han)
- reference source : artgallery.nsw.gov.au -


sennin sake 仙人 酒 rice wine *
. . . CLICK here for Photos  !

..............................................................................................................................................


Basuu, Basū 婆薮仙 Basu the Immortal Basu
Also read Basuusen. Basu, the Immortal, sennin 仙人.



An Indian sage, whose Sanskrit name, Vasu, may be an alternative name for one of the Seven Rishi or seers. Basusen appears as an Indian ascetic who, with *Kichijoten 吉祥天, flanks *Senju Kannon 千手観音 in the *Taizoukai mandara 胎蔵界曼荼羅. Thus he often appears, along with Kichijouten (although sometimes replaced by Kudokuten 功徳天, a form of Kichijouten), in paintings of Senju Kannon. Basusen is also one of the *nijuuhachi bushuu 二十八部衆 (the twenty-eight attendants) of Senju Kannon. He usually appears either as an ascetic or as a fully dressed old man, and carries a text, usually a palm-leaf book. The later is a symbol of the Prajnaparamita texts, HANNYAKYOU 般若経 (the sutra of The Perfection of Wisdom), which is central to the attainment of enlightenment and therefore to all forms of Buddhism. Basusen is a protector of these texts and, as such, appears in paintings such as the images of *juuroku zenshin 十六善神, along with other protectors.
- source : JAANUS -

- - - - -

sennin : immortal; transcendent; genie; mage; djinn; sage; hermit", mountain saint
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

..............................................................................................................................................




日本の仙人 ― 仙人の研究 (2)
知切光歳
日本古来の神々と神仙道、山岳信仰の役行者や浦島子、中古の仏教的な仙人の盛行、中世の仙人受難時代、天狗と仙人、近世の仙人伝まで、個別的な伝記を中心に日本の仙人について詳説。仙人画多数。

仙人の研究 (1)
インド・中国・日本の仙人の世界を、その発祥から説き起こし、仙人とは何か、修行と神通力、仙薬・神薬・霊薬、そして日本の仙草までを、膨大な資料と該博な知識により詳論。仙人画多数収載。

列仙伝・神仙伝
時間を超えて永遠の若さと生命を保ちつつ無限の自由を求める仙人は、人類の根源的夢想の体現者である。彼らのまことに自由でユニークな姿を活写する、中国仙人伝の双璧。

..............................................................................................................................................


. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .



本朝神仙記伝 / 本朝神仙伝 Honcho Shinsenden - Lives of Japanese immortals
Honcho shinsen den - Lives of Japanese Spirit Immortals / Biography of Japanese immortals
By 大江匡房 Oe no Masafusa

- collecting -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Kinoko Sennin (きのこ仙人), meaning Mushroom Hermit or Mushroom Mystic,
from Super Mario
. He tells Mario that the only way to save the Mushroom Kingdom and Princess Peach is to find the three legendary items:
a mushroom, a flower, and a star.



- reference source : mario.wikia.com/wiki/Mushroom_Hermit... -


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


O-Daishi sama お大師様
弘法大師空海 Kobo Daishi Kukai got a priest's fly whisk (hossu 払子) from a Sennnin who told him:
"With this whisk you can get rid of any disturbing monster and will be protected from anything!"
Once a young woman and her brother were trying to hang out with him and pestered him, eventually trying to shoot him to death. But they could not hit him at all.

飛騨の昔話から - from the Tales of Hida

. Kobo Daishi and 仙人岳 Mount Senningatake .
Yamagata 山形県

.......................................................................

iruisha 異類者 different beings
They are not Sennin, but strange people who have come to live deep in the mountains. They lost in a battle during wars many hundred years ago and fled to the mountain forests, became hunters or lumberjacks. They are some kind of somabito 杣人 forest workers.

.......................................................................

yamabito no tsutaeshi kusuri 仙びとの伝えし薬
仙人の伝えた薬で、非常に耳がよくなるというものがあった。難聴の者がその薬を飲んだところ、そこら中の言葉から、鳥の声、虫の音まで、遠近もらさず聞こえるようになり、耳ほどうるさいものはないと、かえって難聴だった頃を恋しがったという。



亀仙人 Kame Sennin - "The Turtle Immortal"
Kokeshi by Usaburo 卯三郎こけし



............................................................................... Fukushima 福島県
.......................................................................
大沼郡 Onuma district 金山町 Kaneyama

shiragamizu 白髪水 "white hair water" flood

During the great flooding in 1785 (天明5年の大洪水) most of the region of Aizu was under water.
People saw a Sennin with shiragami 白髪 white hair riding on a big tree in the flood downriver.
Hence the name of this flood.




............................................................................... Gunma 群馬県

.......................................................................
沼田市 Numata 戸鹿野町 Togano machi

roosoku to sennin 蝋燭と仙人 the Sennin and the candles
Once a family put a pole in the garden to hang a lantern with a candle. The smoke of the candle welled up all the way to ハッカイサン Mount Hakkaisan, where a Sennin lived.
The Sennin breathed all the smoke and used it to prolong his live.



蝋燭能「一角仙人」Noh performance in candle light - Ikkaku Sennin

Ikkaku Sennin 一角仙人 "One-horned Immortal"
a Noh play by Konparu Zenchiku (金春禅竹, 1405-1471).
Ikkaku was born in 波羅奈(はらな)国 Harana, India. His mother was a 鹿 deer, so he had one horn on his head.




............................................................................... Iwate 岩手県

. O-Shirasama, oshirasama おしらさま、オシラサマ "White Deity" .
legends of 飛行というと天狗 a flying Tengu or the sennin 仙人 helping humans

.......................................................................

Jizoo 地蔵 Jizo
A Sennin lived as a recluse in a temple, he liked to tell stories of the mountains in the region.
But statue of Jizo betrayed the Sennin and told the others about his real identity, making the nose of the Sennin all red.
So the Sennin turned the nose of the Jizo statue around.


.......................................................................
西磐井郡 Nishi-Iwai district 平泉町 Hiraizumi

鬼三太仙人 / オニサンタセンニン Oni Santa Sennin ,清悦 Seietsu
At the river 衣川 Kinugawa there lived a strange person. He had a shaven head and sharp looking eyes. He never said his name, but he was strong and very learned and could heal all kinds of illnesses. He never took any thank-you money.
He drank 枸杞茶 a special health tea made from kuko 枸杞 Lycium chinense.
He only had one laquered box to carry his belongings.
Once Lord 伊達政宗 Date Masamune ordered him to open the box.
Inside were 三軸三翰三張 three scrolls, three scriptures and three papers - and 観音像 one statue of Kannon Bosatsu. On the statue was an inscription that his name was Oni Santa, a name given to him by the priest Kurama Tookooboo 鞍馬東光坊 Toko-Bo from Mount Kurama, Kyoto.

鬼三太 Kisanta
A warrior at the end of the Heian period, beginning of Kamakura period.
Kisanta was a retainer of 源義経 Minamoto Yoshitsune. He was also called 御馬屋の鬼三太 Go-Umaya no Kisanta.
In 1185, on orders of 源頼朝 Minamoto no Yoritomo the priest 土佐房昌俊 Tosabo Shoshun (1141 - 1185) came to Kyoto to attack the living quarters of Yoshitsune, but Kisanto prevented it.
Sometimes his name is spelled 喜三太.
Kisanta died at the battle of Kinugawa.

Later he became a character in Kabuki plays about Yoshitsune.


鬼三太 尾上菊五郎 Kisanta played by Onoe Kikugoro
豊原国周 Toyohara Kunichika

.......................................................................
大船渡市 Ofunato 猪川町 Ikawa

奥州の仙人伝説 Legends about the Sennin from Oshu
At the temple 龍福山長谷寺 Hasedera there lived an old priest, 阿光坊澄水法印 Akobo Sunzu Hoin.
In 1597 on the 21st day of the 9th lunar month, he suddenly asked his disciples to put water in a tub and place it in the garden. The then sprinkled the water with his fingers.
When they asked him why he did this, he said there was a fire at Mount Koyasan and he wanted to help extinguish the fire.
At that hour, there had indeed been a fire at Mount Koyasan.

. Koya San in Wakayama 高野山 和歌山県 .





............................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県


. Japanese Immortals On Satsuma Pottery .
- 薩摩焼 Satsumayaki




............................................................................... Kanagawa 神奈川県

senkyoo 仙境 Senkyo, fairyland
Once upon a time, the フウマ一族 Fuma clan liven in a place called Senkyo, just above 舟原 Funahara.
This was the place where the Sennin lived.





............................................................................... Kyoto 京都府
.......................................................................
南丹市 Nantan

konzoo 金像 golden Buddha statue
Around 808, the hunter 小野胤世 Ono went to see a Sennin who was talking about 法華経 the Hokekyo sutra, but he could not see anybody. There was something shining and when he shot an arrow at it, there was a golden Buddha statue of about 10 cm. The statue was so heavy he could not move it.
Reporting it to the lord 藤原定房 Fujiware no Sadafusa, they built a temple for the statue.
When there was a fire, it would take off and fly into the sky.

瑞光山玉泉寺 Zuikozan Gyokusen-Ji
- reference source : tanbarakuichi.sakura.ne.jp/nantan... -





............................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県
.......................................................................
石巻市 Ishinomaki 鮎川浜 Ayukawahama

Senninzawa no hebi 仙人沢の蛇 the serpent from Sennin Swamp
At the 金華山祭 Kinkasan Festival in May the 姉神 Elder Sister Deity from 網地島 Ajishima island turns into a huge serpent 大蛇 (竜蛇 "dragon serpent") and spits out the tide all night, swimming over to the Kinkasan island to help the 妹神 Younger Sister Deity from Kinkasan. Some villagers have even seen her swim. But those who see her will die.
She is also called the serpent from Sennin swamp.

. Kinkasan 金華山 (Kinkazan) .
a small mountainous island at the tip of the Oshika Peninsula, not far from Sendai.


仙人沢・仙人大滝 The Great Sennin Waterfall

.......................................................................
刈田郡 Katta district 七ヶ宿町 Shichikashuku

Iwagamiyama 磐神山 イワガミヤマ / ?磐山 - ?仙磐山)
They say there lived a Sennin. It is South of 二井宿峠 Niijuku toge pass. Down the valley is 仙人沢 Senninzawa.
The Sennin used to walk there with his dog, but rarely showed himself to the villagers. The dog eventually turned into a rock called
inu-ishi 犬石 "Dog Stone".


..............................................................................................................................................



Anpanman finger doll - baikin sennin "Germ Sennin"
アンパンマン 指人形 バイキン仙人

Baikin-Sennin is a Germ from the Anime TV Series Anpanman.
An old germ hermit who lives in a house in the mountains, he acts like a mentor to Baikinman and friends. He is very tough on Baikinman, punishing him with work, or hitting him on the head if he fails. He is also tough on Horrorman, but gets along better with him than Baikinman. He has a soft spot for Dokinchan, and spoils her. He can fly on a magic cloud, or with a UFO that looks like a convertable car. He keeps an array of mystical and magical relics at his home.
- Baikinman
A germ from Baikin Planet (Germ Planet), and Anpanman's sworn enemy and rival. Baikinman was born from an egg that fell to Earth the same day Anpanman was born. ...
- source : awgosh.com/anpanmanchara...-




............................................................................... Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
佐久市 Saku

Mount Senningatake 仙人ヶ嶽 - 637 m
The chi no ike 血の池 "blood pond" of Senningatake is about 150 m to the North of 閼伽流山 Mount Akarusan.
The pond got its name from a Hotogogisu, who sang at the pond and spit out blood so the water got all red.
If a priest performs rain rituals there, it will definitely rain soon. They even did it in the Showa period.

. hototogisu ホトトギス, 時鳥 little cuckoo .
Cuculus poliocephalis.
The inside of the mouth of this cuckoo is so red that it looks like blood when the bird is singing.

. amagoi 雨乞い rain rituals .

There are other mountains named Senningatake 仙人ヶ嶽 in other regions.

.......................................................................
下条村 Shimojo

ushigatsume no ushi-ishi 牛ヶ爪の牛石 stone with bull hoof imprints
Once a wicked villager did not tell the proper road to a blind Sennin. He wandered around and finally died with his bull beside him.
His resentment against the wicked villager turned into the imprints of the bull in the stone and now people in this area learned the lesson and never deceive people.





............................................................................... Nara 奈良県
.......................................................................
吉野町 Yoshino

shiragami no sennin 白髪の仙人 Sennin with white hair.
Mother had been ill and to pray for her recovery the son went to the center of the 黒住教 Kurosumi-Kyo religion. On the way an old man with a white beard, like a Sennin, stopped him saying "Don't go, don't go. Nobody can help you. "
On that night mother had died.
Maybe the Sennin wanted to remind him that some things are impossible to ask for.





............................................................................... Okayama 岡山県

akaushi ni notta sennin 赤牛に乗った仙人 the Sennin who rode on a red bull

The farmer 作蔵 Sakuzo had a lot of cows and went to his field every day to cut fodder for them. In his village was a waterfall and people said:
At the Narutaki 鳴滝 waterfall there lives an Immortal riding a red bull and his bull comes to eat the grass around the waterfall. So farmers are not allowed to cut it, otherwise they will be cursed by the Immortal.
One day as Sakuzo was out cutting grass, he realized that one bundle was missing. When he looked up he found himself standing near the waterfall. "Oh well, just one bundle will not do much harm" he thought and begun cutting the grass. Suddenly above the waterfall the Immortal on his red bull appeared:
"Don't ever tell anybody you saw me here!" the Immortal shouted at him.
Sakuzo begun to tremble with fear and run home. He had almost lost his mind. His wife asked: "What happened to you?"
He wanted to tell her he had seen the Immortal but he was too scared and just kept repeating "It's nothing, nothing happened..."
Within a short while he and his wife disappeared from the village and the house was left there to rot.



............................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県

. The Immortal from 菊川村 Kikugawa .
and Muken no Kane 無間の鐘 "Unlimited Bell", "Soundless Bell", "the Bell of Muken"




............................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県

. 新左衛門 Shinzaemon from Mount Kayagatake .
The sennin 仙人 Immortal from 金が岳 Mount Kanagatake (1,764 m) named 新左衛門 Shinzaemon
and the Tengu from 茅ヶ岳 Mount Kayagatake (1,703 m) named 江草孫右衛門 Magoemon from Egusa ...


..............................................................................................................................................


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


not to mix sennin 仙人 with somabito 杣人 forest workers.


. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



仙人と呼ばれた男 ― 画家 - 熊谷守一の生涯 The life of Kumagai Morikazu (1880 - 1977)
田村祥蔵 Tamura Shozo


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


仙人入門 - Introducing Sennin
聖龍

甲賀流忍術の師の許に弟子入りし、兄弟子である「忍者犬」と共に過ごしたユーモラスな少年時代。中国武術の基礎を学んだ青年時代。やがて、中国、深山幽谷の地に入り、「仙人」の許で厳しい修行を積み、さらには日本人として唯一、内家拳とよばれる中国武術を極めることになる。歩んできた奇想天外な半生と、今尚続く修行の道程を綴る。


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

葛城仙人 Katsuragi Sennin
まんが日本昔ばなし 1465


むかし、葛城山(かつらぎさん)の山奥深くに小鹿(おじか)という男がいた。小鹿は数年前、諸国を巡り歩いている時、行き倒れて死にかけてるところを、ここ葛城山のふもと和泉の里の人々に助けられたのだった。小鹿はそれから葛城山に籠り、仙人になろうとして厳しい修行を積んだ。しかし神通自在を得て、空を飛ぶ仙人になることはなかなか出来るものではなかった。...
- reference source : nihon.syoukoukai.com/modules/stories... -



Sennindoo 仙人堂 Sennin Do Hall
- click here for photos


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Shugendo and Yamabushi 修験道 - 山伏 .
Yamabushi are Japanese mountain ascetic hermits.

. sokushinbutsu 即身仏のミイラ the Living Mummies of Japan .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



. Join the Sennin friends on Facebook ! .





. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #sennin #immortals -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

No comments: